Female infertility treatment – Know your options
A range of treatment options is available for childless couples to help them conceive. Treatment varies with the patient’s age, duration of infertility and most importantly, the factor causing infertility. Here we shall discuss the options available specifically for women.
Problems with ovulation, pelvic infections, damage to fallopian tubes or uterus, hormonal imbalances or problems with the cervix are common causes of infertility in females. Age can contribute to infertility because as a woman ages, her fertility naturally tends to decrease.
Fertility drugs are given to regulate hormones help in releasing more eggs during the ovulation cycle thus increasing the chances of getting pregnant. There are a few side effects like hot flashes, ovarian cysts, nausea, cervical mucus and mild depression. This is one of the most cost-effective female infertility treatments available.
Blocked fallopian tubes, fibroids, endometriosis, intrauterine adhesions are some of infertility causing conditions that can be treated successfully with surgery. They help remove or correct abnormalities to help improve the patient’s chances of conceiving. These can be managed with laparoscopy or hysterectomy on a daycare basis.
Intrauterine insemination (IUI)
IUI is a procedure where the concentrated amount of sperm from the spouse or a donor is placed inside the uterus directly when the patient is ovulating. This is to increase the count of sperms that reach the fallopian tubes and subsequently increase the chance of fertilization. This is a short OPD procedure.
Read: Intrauterine insemination (IUI) Treatment
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
The eggs from the ovaries are combined with the sperm from a partner or donor in a laboratory. When the eggs are fertilized and the embryos are formed, the embryo or embryos created are transferred to the patient’s womb. The surplus embryos can be preserved for the future as well.
Your doctor can suggest you the right procedure, and in fact, it all begins with the drugs. Later, when you are not able to conceive even after medication, IUI and IVF are suggested. But, in women, where the problem is not simple, IVF and IUI can be given even at the early stage. In major cities like Delhi and NCR, lots of tests and pregnancy ultrasound in Gurgaon are conducted before this.
Visit our fertility consultants at the CK Birla Hospital to know more.
Also, read: Planning to start IVF? Here is what you need to know