Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a relatively simple fertility process of inserting the male ready semen through the neck of the female internal reproductive organ (cervix) and into the uterus, close to the process of ovulation.
During IUI, a woman’s eggs are surgically retrieved from her ovaries; inseminated and developed into embryos inside a lab; then transferred into her womb. During IUI, the sperm (whether from your partner or a donor) when it is ready, is inserted into the womb through a soft tube.
A typical IUI treatment cycle begins at the beginning of your menses and ends after you take a blood pregnancy test, concerning the period after your IUI.
First, you’ll get a blood test on the second or third day of your menses to confirm that you aren’t already pregnant. Your doctors can typically perform a transvaginal ultrasound to look at your uterine lining and your ovarian follicles.
During the weeks before ovulation, your doctor can perform further ultrasounds to make positive that your uterine lining is thickening, and your follicles are growing.
When a minimum of one mature egg (oocyte) on the ultrasound measures over twenty millimetres, ovulation is probably going to happen soon. At now, your doctor may instruct you to require a gonadotrophin trigger shot (which induces ovulation about 36 hours after the injection) and will schedule your IUI.
Or, your doctor may tell you to continue measuring the level of gonadotropin (which peaks 24 to 48 hours before ovulation) in your urine with a nurse at-home test. Once the test indicates that your LH levels have peaked, the IUI is usually performed the following day.
If you’re using sperm from a male partner, he can come to the clinic on the day of your IUI to deposit a sample, and therefore the fertility clinic can prepare it for insemination. This method involves washing it to get rid of unwanted substances like non-motile sperm, white blood cells and prostaglandins (hormone-like chemicals which will cause painful cramping once deposited into the uterus).
If you’re using frozen donor sperms, your clinic will thaw it on the morning of your IUI.
During the IUI, your doctor will insert a speculum into your vagina and thread a thin, versatile tube through your cervix to deposit sperms into your womb.
The entire method sometimes takes about 5 minutes. Your doctor can doubtless advise you to lie down for about ten minutes after the procedure to prevent you from feeling lightheaded or dizzy.
About a week later, several fertility clinics can check your progestogen levels with a blood test to see whether you ovulated around the time of the procedure.
About two weeks after your IUI, you’ll take a blood test to check if you’re pregnant. For most women, this “two-week wait” is the hardest a part of the IUI cycle. It is tempting to read into each symptom you experience. Do your sore breasts mean you’re about to get your period? Or does it mean that you’re pregnant? Solely the blood test can offer official confirmation.
Success rates of IUI
IUI is less invasive and less expensive than I.V.F., it tends to be less effective. Research suggests that women with unexplained infertility have about a 20-to-25-percent probability of getting pregnant over a few cycles. women under 35 years of age who choose to do IUI as a result of they aren’t getting periods often will see success rates as high as 50 % across 3 to 6 cycles.
- If you or your partner has been diagnosed with infertility, hostile cervical mucus secretion, minor sperm abnormalities or other male disorders, IUI is sometimes a winning option.
- It also can be used when semen has been frozen due to a husband’s absence or before therapy or radiation therapy.
- It is more useful in women who are not of advanced maternal age.
Rate of success for women in their 40s
Yes, however, the probabilities of becoming and staying pregnant are lower than they are for women in their 20s or 30s.
The IUI procedure carries few risks. While there’s a “theoretical” risk of infection with any procedure that involves “introducing something through the vagina and therefore the cervix and into the uterus,” infections are rare.
There is, however, the chance of becoming discouraged given the comparatively low success rates,
the main risk to IUI is that the couple might lose stamina and drop off having not even begun effective medical treatment for infertility “You’ve ought to be prepared for a negative pregnancy test 9 out of 10 times. If you’re ready for that, then IUI is unquestionably the first thanks to going for many of our patients.
- Intrauterine insemination, or IUI, is a non-surgical fertility procedure in which sperm is injected into a woman’s uterus through a thin, flexible catheter.
- It is timed to occur just before ovulation and takes a few minutes to perform.
- Women often try IUI before progressing to more expensive and invasive fertility treatments, like in-vitro fertilization, or I.V.F.
- IUI is a modest intervention with similarly modest results. In the best-case scenarios, success rates can range from a 20 to 50 percent chance of pregnancy throughout a few IUI cycles. So, if it doesn’t work, don’t blame yourself.
- Your success rate is typically dependent on your age and the reason you’re getting an IUI in the first place.
- IUI is not supposed to hurt, though you may feel some cramping afterward.
- After IUI, it’s O.K. to resume normal day to day activities.