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Left & Right side stomach pain: Cause, symptoms, home remedies & Treatment

left side stomach pain

Experiencing stomach pain is common, but understanding its nuances is key to effective management. Left-side and right-side stomach pain can indicate various underlying issues, each with distinct causes and symptoms. 

This blog delves into the intricacies of abdominal discomfort, exploring potential triggers, recognizable signs, and practical home remedies. Gain insights into effective treatments for targeted relief and empower yourself to navigate stomach pain with informed decisions.

What Are the Symptoms of Left-side and Right-side Stomach Pain?

Most symptoms associated with left-sided and right-sided stomach pain are common, which include:-

  1. Sharp or dull Pain: The pain may be sharp, stabbing, cramp-like, or dull, and its intensity can vary.
  2. Localised discomfort: Pain may be concentrated in specific areas, such as the lower left/right abdomen or upper left/right quadrant.
  3. Gas and bloating: Some individuals may experience bloating, gas, or a feeling of fullness accompanying the pain.
  4. Changes in bowel habits: Left-side or right-side abdominal pain can be linked to changes in bowel movements, including diarrhoea or constipation.
  5. Nausea and vomiting: Depending on the cause, nausea and vomiting may be present.
  6. Fever: Infections or inflammatory conditions may lead to an elevated body temperature.
  7. Radiating pain: The pain may radiate to other areas, such as the back or shoulder.

It’s essential to note that these symptoms are general, and a healthcare professional should evaluate persistent or severe stomach pain for accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

What Are the Causes of Left-side and Right-side Stomach Pain?

Stomach pain, whether left or right-sided, can stem from various conditions, each with distinct symptoms and treatments.

Left Side Stomach Pain


  • Pouches in the colon (diverticula) may tear, causing swelling and infection.
  • Symptoms: Fever, nausea, abdominal tenderness, diarrhoea, or constipation.
  • Treatment: Rest, diet change, antibiotics, or surgery for severe cases.


  • Normal digestion processes involve passing gas and burping.
  • Excessive gas may cause pain, bloating, and discomfort.
  • Persistent gas with additional symptoms warrants medical attention.


  • Post-meal discomfort, usually in the upper abdomen.
  • Symptoms: Heartburn, bloating, nausea, or belching.
  • Consult a doctor if indigestion persists or worsens.


  • Internal organ protrudes through surrounding muscle or tissue.
  • Symptoms vary, including a lump, increasing pain, or a feeling of fullness.
  • Types: Inguinal hernia, hiatal hernia, etc.
  • Untreated hernias may lead to serious complications.

Kidney Stones

  • Solid mass of crystals in the urinary tract.
  • Symptoms: Severe abdominal or back pain, discoloured urine, frequent urination, nausea.

Testicular Torsion

  • Testicle rotation leads to reduced blood flow.
  • Symptoms: Sudden scrotum pain, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, painful urination, and fever.
  • Urgent medical attention is necessary.

Ectopic Pregnancy

  • Fertilised egg implants outside the uterus.
  • Symptoms: Abdominal pain, missed period, vaginal bleeding, shoulder or neck pain.
  • An ectopic pregnancy rupture is an urgent medical concern.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

  • Infection of the female reproductive system, often due to STIs.
  • Symptoms: Abdominal pain, fever, unusual discharge, pain or bleeding with sex.
  • Prompt medical attention is crucial, especially after potential STI exposure.

Right Side Stomach Pain


  • Inflammation of the appendix causes sudden, worsening pain.
  • Immediate medical attention is required to prevent rupture.

Kidney Issues

  • Infections or stones may cause lower abdomen or back discomfort.
  • Kidney stones may induce severe pain if they move or pass.


  • The body part protrudes through muscle, causing pain or discomfort.

Digestive Disorders

  • IBS (irritable bowel syndrome) and IBD (Inflammatory bowel disease) can lead to chronic abdominal pain.
  • Dyspepsia (indigestion) may cause upper or lower abdomen discomfort.

Intestinal Gas

  • Buildup can cause abdominal pain, bloating, and a “knotted” feeling.
  • Excessive gas may indicate digestive disorders.

Menstrual Issues

  • Dysmenorrhea (menstrual cramps) can cause lower abdominal pain.
  • Endometriosis and ovarian cysts may lead to severe discomfort.

Reproductive Conditions

  • Ectopic pregnancy and PID can cause abdominal pain.
  • Ovarian torsion is a medical emergency requiring surgery.

Inguinal Hernia

  • Fat or intestine pushes through the lower abdomen, causing a bulge.
  • Strangulation can be life-threatening.

Testicular Torsion

  • Testicle twists, cutting off blood flow, and causing severe pain.
  • Emergency surgery is often necessary.

What Are the Home Remedies for Left-side and Right-side Stomach Pain?

Treatment for both left-side and right-side stomach pain varies by diagnosis. Anti-inflammatory medicines aid ulcer-related pain. Conditions like kidney stones may need shock wave lithotripsy, while gallbladder inflammation may require surgery. Some pain-modifying drugs may be prescribed to alter pain signal processing in the brain.

If you and your doctor have determined that your stomach pain is not the result of a serious medical condition, some home health remedies may provide relief. Here’s a brief list:

  • warm bath
  • heating pad
  • apple cider vinegar
  • peppermint
  • BRAT diet (bananas, rice, apple sauce, toast)
  • chamomile tea
  • ginger
  • soda

What is the Treatment for Left-side and Right-side Stomach Pain?

Treatment for left-side and right-side stomach pain hinges on identifying and addressing the underlying causes. 

Left Side Stomach Pain


  • Mild cases: Managed with rest, dietary adjustments, and antibiotics.
  • Severe cases: Surgical intervention may be necessary to remove affected portions.


  • Over-the-counter gas relievers.
  • Dietary changes to reduce gas-producing foods.


  • Antacids and acid reducers for symptom relief.
  • Lifestyle changes, such as smaller meals and avoiding trigger foods.

Kidney Stones:

  • Pain management with medications.
  • Increased fluid intake to facilitate stone passage.
  • Medical procedures (shock wave lithotripsy) or surgery for larger stones.

Right Side Stomach Pain


  • Emergency appendectomy (surgical removal of the inflamed appendix) is standard.


  • Lifestyle modifications, including weight management.
  • Surgical repair for severe cases to prevent complications.


  • Dietary adjustments to minimise gallbladder stimulation.
  • Cholecystectomy (gallbladder removal) if gallstones cause persistent issues.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

  • Dietary modifications, including a high-fibre diet.
  • Medications (like laxatives) for symptom management.

Seek prompt medical attention for severe or persistent stomach pain, as it could indicate a serious condition requiring immediate intervention.


Understanding the nuances of left and right-side stomach pain empowers individuals to seek timely care. From recognizing symptoms to availing of medical treatments, proactive health management is key. It is always advisable to seek medical help from an experienced gastroenterologist. Timely care and help can ensure an appropriate diagnosis and treatment of your condition. 

At the CK Birla Hospital, we ensure patients get holistic medical support which includes treatment in a compassionate environment. This patient-centric approach not only helps patients heal better but also ensures they are aware of the preventive measures as well. In case you need to consult a gastroenterologist, reach out to us, or book a direct appointment at the CK Birla Hospital.


Is Right-Sided Stomach Pain a Cause for Concern?

Right-sided stomach pain can be a cause for concern, especially if severe, persistent, or accompanied by other alarming symptoms. Seek advice from a medical expert for an appropriate assessment and direction.

Can Gas Cause Pain on Either Side of the Abdomen?

Gas can cause pain on either side of the abdomen. Incomplete digestion leading to gas buildup may result in discomfort, bloating, and pain that can affect various abdominal regions.

Are There Specific Home Remedies for Left or Right Stomach Pain?

Yes, specific home remedies can help alleviate left or right stomach pain. These may include applying heat, gentle massages, staying hydrated, and consuming ginger or peppermint for relief.

When Should One Consult a Doctor for Persistent Abdominal Pain?

Consult a doctor for persistent abdominal pain if it worsens, is severe, accompanies other concerning symptoms, or if you experience persistent discomfort interfering with daily activities. Early medical evaluation is crucial.

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