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Things you need to know

Things you need to know

Common health problems during pregnancy

Common health problems during pregnancy

There are several discomforts and health concerns that can affect you during pregnancy. Some more common pregnancy complications include:

 

Gestational diabetes 

Gestational diabetes is one of the most common health problems during pregnancy. It is a type of diabetes that develops particularly in pregnant women. One of the biggest risk factors of this complication is that your baby may grow much larger in size. Gestational diabetes also does not have any significant symptoms. It is mostly diagnosed during routine prenatal screenings and tests. 

 

Constipation in pregnancy 

Constipation in pregnancy is among the early health problems during pregnancy. The changes in your body due to pregnancy hormones can make you feel constipated. You can, however, prevent constipation by eating a high-fibre diet, exercising regularly and drinking plenty of water. 

 

Cramps in pregnancy 

Cramping and lower back pain in early pregnancy are highly common. Cramps are described as sudden, sharp pain usually in your calf muscles. Routine exercise can help in improving blood circulation and thus preventing cramps in pregnancy.

 

Fainting in pregnancy

Fainting in pregnancy is a result of not receiving sufficient oxygen and blood in your brain. It is among the most common health problems during pregnancy. Fainting in pregnancy usually occurs due to the rapid changes in pregnancy hormones. 

 

Skin changes in pregnancy

Pregnancy hormones can also trigger a range of skin changes. Most common changes include pigmentation, acne, varicose veins and stretch marks. 

 

Placenta previa 

Placenta previa is a pregnancy complication in which the baby’s placenta partially or fully covers the mother’s cervix. This condition causes you to bleed throughout your pregnancy and during delivery sometimes leading to preterm birth. 

 

Preterm labour 

When a pregnant woman experiences labour before 37 weeks of pregnancy, it is known as preterm labour. Preterm labour increases your chances of premature birth which further raises the risk of health concerns for your baby.

 

Urinary tract infections during pregnancy

UTI during pregnancy is among the most common pregnancy complications. It is because the growing fetus can put pressure on your bladder and urinary tract causing the bacteria to become trapped. UTI during pregnancy can increase your chances of preterm labour. 

 

Infections 

Infections ranging from the common cold to sexually transmitted infections can negatively impact the health of your baby. Any type of infection can cause pregnancy complications. You should seek routine medical screening and preventive measures for infections during pregnancy. 

 

Mental health problems in pregnancy 

Pregnancy hormones can affect your mood during pregnancy. A vast majority of pregnant women experience troublesome mental health conditions during pregnancy such as depression, anxiety, difficulty in concentration and critical thinking. Depression during pregnancy can also increase your chances of postpartum depression. 

 

Preeclampsia 

Preeclampsia is a medical condition that causes extremely high levels of blood pressure. It can be a fatal medical condition if left untreated. Common symptoms of preeclampsia include pain under the ribs, severe headache and vision problems.

Other common discomforts during pregnancy

Other common discomforts during pregnancy

Pregnancy is a sensitive time and can increase your chances of developing a wide variety of conditions and discomforts such as: 

 

FAQs
FAQs

You can prevent health problems during pregnancy by living an active lifestyle, eating healthily, getting routine prenatal scans and tests and seeking comprehensive antenatal care. 

Warning signs of pregnancy include bleeding, blurry or impaired vision, severe stomach pain, persistent headaches and early irregular contractions. 

You may have a high-risk pregnancy if you have advanced maternal age, chronic health problems, multiple pregnancies or pregnancy complications.