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Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a form of diabetes that women develop during pregnancy. It can lead to serious health troubles for both mother and child.

While GDM can occur in any pregnancy, it is more common in women who are overweight or have a family history of diabetes. With proper treatment, most women with GDM can have a healthy pregnancy and baby.

Gestational diabetes mellitus signs and symptoms

Gestational diabetes mellitus signs and symptoms

It’s important to be aware of the signs and symptoms of GDM so the patient can get treatment and manage their blood sugar levels.

The most noticeable signs and symptoms of gestational diabetes mellitus are more-frequent urination and increased thirst. However, these are not tell-tale signs.

GDM, like any other medical condition, requires a formal diagnosis.

Gestational diabetes mellitus causes

Gestational diabetes mellitus causes

The specific cause of gestational diabetes mellitus is unknown.

During pregnancy, the placenta releases a number of hormones, including human placental lactogen, cortisol, and oestrogen. These hormones tend to block insulin from performing its primary function – which is to allow blood glucose to be used as energy.

Without enough insulin, the blood glucose (sugar) level rises. As the pregnancy enters the second trimester, there is an increased production of these hormones.

This is why GDM is usually diagnosed after 24 weeks into the pregnancy.

Gestational diabetes mellitus risk factors

Gestational diabetes mellitus risk factors

Though the exact cause remains unknown, there are certain risk factors that can put a woman at an increased risk for gestational diabetes mellitus.

Listed below are the major gestational diabetes mellitus risk factors:

Gestational diabetes mellitus diagnosis

Gestational diabetes mellitus diagnosis

GDM only occurs during pregnancy and usually goes away after the baby is born. But if a person has GDM, they are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes later in life.

Thus, it’s crucial to get tested and treated early.

Women with GDM risk factors should get tested as early as the first prenatal visit. On the other hand, women who do not check any of the risk factors should be screened between 24 and 28 weeks of gestation.

Women who do get the diagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus are regularly monitored 6-12 weeks postpartum. Once a diagnosis has been given, doctors recommend lifelong screening for prediabetes or type 2 diabetes – every three years, at least.

Complications of gestational diabetes mellitus

Complications of gestational diabetes mellitus

Gestational diabetes mellitus can be a complex condition to manage. A woman diagnosed with GDM needs to be extra careful during pregnancy to ensure a healthy outcome for herself and her baby.

Here are the possible complications of GDM for the mother:

These are possible complications of gestational diabetes mellitus for the baby:

Gestational diabetes mellitus treatment

Gestational diabetes mellitus treatment

The treatment of GDM will depend on these factors:

The management of gestational diabetes mellitus usually includes:

Gestational diabetes mellitus prevention

Gestational diabetes mellitus prevention

Prevention of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is possible through a healthy lifestyle and regular check-ups with a healthcare provider.

Since GDM can lead to serious health complications for both mother and child, it’s important to be proactive with care.

That includes being at a healthy weight before pregnancy and getting at least 30 minutes of exercise daily during pregnancy. However, everything must be done after consultation with a doctor.

Conclusion

Conclusion

GDM can cause serious health problems for both the mother and the baby. If you have gestational diabetes mellitus, you will need to be closely monitored and managed by a competent healthcare team.

Visit the CK Birla Hospital to get the proper diagnosis and best treatment for gestational diabetes mellitus. Our dedicated obstetrics unit that provides a safe and memorable birthing experience. We also have a coordinated team of nutritionists, gynaecologists, endocrinologists, obstetricians, midwives, and other support staff to provide expert care 24*7.

For all your queries book an appointment with Dr. Astha Dayal now.

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