. Postpartum depression: symptoms & causes | The CK Birla Hospital
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Things you need to know

Things you need to know

Postpartum depression meaning

Postpartum depression meaning

Pregnancy and childbirth are among the most joyous and exciting times in a woman’s life. These events can, however, increase anxiety and stress levels, sometimes leading to depression. 

 

Postpartum depression meaning implies the depressive state of mind new mothers experience after the birth of their baby. Postpartum depression is a mix of emotional, mental and physical changes in mood and behaviours.

Postpartum depression symptoms

Postpartum depression symptoms

Postpartum depression is also known as “baby blues”. It is a highly common condition. However, everyone shows different postpartum depression symptoms. These include:

 

 

Postpartum depression symptoms are usually misunderstood for feeling blue or exhausted due to childbirth. However, these symptoms develop within a week of delivery and persist for a long period of time. 

 

Sometimes postpartum depression can develop into postpartum psychosis. It is a rare condition that has extremely severe symptoms such as confusion, sleep disturbances, agitation, paranoia, thoughts of self harm. 

Postpartum depression causes

Postpartum depression causes

There is no single reason for this condition. Postpartum depression causes is a mix of various factors. Common postpartum depression causes include:

 

Physical changes

After childbirth, you are likely to experience a massive drop in the levels of estrogen and progesterone (pregnancy hormones). These hormonal changes can trigger postpartum depression. 

 

Emotional changes 

Pregnancy can leave you being sleep deprived and exhausted along with various other emotions such as joy, nervousness and anxiety. It is natural to feel overwhelming emotions post delivery. However, these emotions can sometimes change into postpartum depression.

Risk factors for postpartum depression

Risk factors for postpartum depression

Any new mother can develop postpartum depression. However, some women have higher risk factors for postpartum depression than others. Common risk factors include: 

 

Postpartum depression treatment

Postpartum depression treatment

Your healthcare provider will discuss your symptoms with you in thorough detail. He/she will also ask you about your personal and family medical history. 

 

Postpartum depression treatment varies on the symptoms, overall health of mother and child and the primary cause. Your doctor will develop a personalised plan to help you cope with symptoms and address the core issues. 

 

Postpartum depression treatment methods as are follows: 

FAQs
FAQs

You should make healthier lifestyle choices, make time for yourself, avoid withdrawing from people and situations, consider psychotherapy and consult a doctor to manage postpartum depression at home.

No, postpartum depression can also affect new fathers. 

The first six weeks after giving birth are considered postpartum.