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Keeping Kids Healthy in Winter: Tips for Parents

keep kids healthy in winter

Winter poses health challenges for children, with common illnesses like flu, colds, and respiratory infections. Cold weather can impact their immunity, making them more susceptible. Children spend more time indoors, increasing the risk of contagion. 

Proper hygiene, immunizations, and warm clothing help prevent illness. A balanced diet, adequate sleep, and staying active support overall health, fortifying children against winter-related health issues.

What Are the Immunity-Building Measures for Children in Winter? 

Ensuring strong immunity in children involves a multifaceted approach, with a balanced diet playing a pivotal role. A nutrient-rich diet provides essential vitamins and minerals crucial for immune function. Key immunity-boosting foods include:

  • Vitamin C-rich Fruits

Citrus fruits like oranges, strawberries, and kiwi are packed with vitamin C, known for its immune-enhancing properties.

  • Colourful Vegetables

Carrots, bell peppers, spinach, and broccoli contain antioxidants that support immune health.

  • Protein Sources

    Foods like eggs, lean meats, and legumes provide protein necessary for immune system function.

  • Yoghurt and Probiotics

    Probiotics found in yoghurt and fermented foods promote a healthy gut, positively influencing the immune system.

  • Nuts and Seeds

    Rich in antioxidants and healthy fats, nuts and seeds contribute to overall well-being.

  • Whole Grains

    Foods like brown rice, oats, and whole wheat offer essential nutrients, supporting a robust immune response.

  • Hydration

    A well-hydrated body is better equipped to fend off infections. Encourage water intake, herbal teas, and broths.

  • Adequate Sleep

    Sufficient sleep is crucial for immune function. Establish a consistent sleep routine for children.

  • Regular Exercise

    Physical activity contributes to overall health and boosts the immune system.

  • Minimise Processed Foods

    Limiting processed and sugary foods helps prevent immune-suppressing effects.

Additionally, consider these measures to fortify children’s immunity:

  • Vaccinations

    Ensure timely vaccinations to protect against common illnesses.

  • Hand Hygiene

    Teach proper handwashing to prevent the spread of infections.

  • Stress Management

    Create a supportive environment to manage stress, as chronic stress can impact immunity.

  • Fresh Air and Sunlight

    Adequate outdoor time exposes children to fresh air and sunlight, contributing to overall health.

You Can Also Read: Winter Superfoods: What to Eat for Seasonal Health

What Are the Hygiene Practices Which Children Should Follow During Winter?

Maintaining proper hygiene practices is crucial for children during winter to prevent the spread of infections and promote overall well-being. Key hygiene measures include:

  • Frequent Handwashing

    Encourage regular handwashing with soap and water, especially before meals and after using the restroom. Proper hand washing removes germs and reduces the risk of respiratory and gastrointestinal infections.

  • Proper Respiratory Hygiene

    Teach children to cover their mouths and noses with a tissue or elbow when coughing or sneezing. This helps prevent the spread of respiratory droplets containing viruses. 

  • Managing Indoor Air Quality

    Ensure good ventilation in living spaces. While it’s common to keep windows closed during winter, periodically opening windows allows fresh air to circulate, reducing the concentration of indoor pollutants.

  • Regular Bathing

    Maintain regular bathing routines to keep the body clean and prevent skin infections. Pay attention to areas prone to dryness, applying moisturisers to prevent skin discomfort.

  • Clean and Dry Clothing

    Dress children in clean and dry clothing to prevent skin irritation and minimise the risk of fungal infections. Layer clothing appropriately to regulate body temperature.

  • Nail and Hair Care

    Keep children’s nails short and clean to reduce the likelihood of dirt and germs accumulating. Regular hair washing contributes to overall cleanliness.

  • Oral Hygiene

    Emphasise proper oral care by encouraging regular tooth brushing to prevent dental issues. A healthy mouth is integral to overall health.

  • Safe Handling of Personal Items

    Teach children not to share personal items like towels, brushes, or water bottles to minimise the spread of germs.

  • Foot Care

    Ensure children wear clean socks and well-fitted shoes. Encourage proper drying of feet to prevent fungal infections, especially between the toes.

  • Eye Care

    Remind children not to rub their eyes with unwashed hands to prevent the transmission of eye infections.

How Should Children Be Dressed During Winter Months? 

Dressing children appropriately during winter is crucial to keep them warm, comfortable, and protected from the cold weather. Here are some tips for dressing children in winter:

  • Layering

1. Base LayerStart with a moisture-wicking base layer to keep sweat away from the skin. Materials like polyester or merino wool work well.

2. Insulating Layer – Add an insulating layer for warmth. This could be a fleece or down jacket, depending on the temperature.

3. Outer Layer – The outer layer should be windproof and waterproof to provide protection from rain, snow, and wind. A durable winter coat is essential.

  • Hat, Gloves, and Scarf

1. Hat – A warm hat that covers the ears helps retain body heat. A significant amount of heat is lost through the head.

2. Gloves or Mittens – Keep little hands warm with insulated, waterproof gloves or mittens. Mittens often provide better warmth as fingers share heat.

3. Scarves – Use a scarf to protect the neck and face. Make sure it’s not too tight, allowing easy breathing.

  • Footwear

Insulated and waterproof boots are essential to keep feet warm and dry. Opt for boots that are a size larger to accommodate thick socks.

  • Socks

Use moisture-wicking and insulating socks to keep your feet warm. Avoid cotton socks as they can retain moisture.

  • Snowsuits or Overalls

For toddlers and younger children, consider one-piece snowsuits or overalls. These provide full-body coverage and keep them warm during outdoor activities.

  • Adjust Layers

Adjust the layers based on the activity level and weather conditions. If a child becomes too warm, they can remove a layer to avoid sweating excessively.

  • Choose Breathable Fabrics

Opt for breathable fabrics to prevent overheating. Layers should trap warmth while allowing moisture to escape.

  • Check Regularly

Regularly check children’s clothing to ensure they stay dry. Wet clothing, even if insulated, can lead to loss of body heat.

  • Extra Accessories

Consider additional accessories like ear warmers or thermal socks for extremely cold days.

  • Safety First

Ensure that winter clothing doesn’t restrict movement or impair visibility. This is especially important for activities like walking to school or playing in the snow.

You Can Also Read: Winter Woes: How to Deal with Common Skin Problems during the Cold season

Do Outdoor Activities Keep Kids Healthy in Winter? 

Engaging in outdoor activities is crucial for kids’ health in winter. Safety measures for winter sports include wearing protective gear and ensuring proper supervision. Balancing indoor and outdoor play helps maintain physical activity levels and supports overall well-being. Parents should encourage a mix of activities to keep kids active and healthy during the winter season.


Keeping kids healthy in winter is vital to prevent illnesses and support their overall well-being. Ignoring this can lead to increased susceptibility to infections, compromised immunity, and overall health issues.  It is always advisable to seek medical help from an experienced paediatrician for vital tips in keeping your kids healthy during the cold season. 

At the CK Birla Hospital, we ensure patients get holistic medical support which includes treatment in a compassionate environment. This patient-centric approach not only helps patients heal better but also ensures they are aware of the preventive measures as well. In case you need to consult a general physician, reach out to us, or book a direct appointment at the CK Birla Hospital.

Consult a Fitness & Wellness Doctor


How Can Parents Ensure Their Child Stays Warm Without Overheating?

Parents can ensure their child stays warm in winter without overheating by dressing them in layers, using appropriate winter accessories, and adjusting clothing based on the activity and weather conditions.

Should I Be Concerned About Indoor Air Quality During Winter?

Yes, indoor air quality is important in winter. Closed windows and doors can lead to poor ventilation, increasing the concentration of pollutants. Proper ventilation and air purifiers can help maintain air quality.

How Do I Differentiate Between a Common Cold and a More Serious Illness in My Child?

If your child has persistent symptoms like high fever, severe cough, difficulty breathing, or lethargy, consult a healthcare professional to rule out more serious illnesses and seek appropriate care.

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