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Pulmonology

Detection, prevention & treatment of respiratory problems & lung diseases
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At our Department of Pulmonology, we have a team of experienced pulmonologists dedicated to offering you lung care. We provide solutions for simple to complex problems including asthma, COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases), sleep disorders, tuberculosis and cystic fibrosis. The department is integrated with the 24 ×7 emergency and critical care services to offer round-the-clock facilities. We provide you with the highest level of care to help you breathe easier and improve your quality of life.

Our services

Our services

Bronchoscopy

Bronchoscopy is a diagnostic and therapeutic procedure that allows pulmonologists to visualise the insides of the airways in the lungs. It is used to treat conditions like bacterial infections, inflammation of lung tissue, lung damage and narrowing of the trachea or bronchi.

Sleep Medicine

Sleep medicine is the area of pulmonology that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders. This unit is a regular feature of the department and offers solutions to sleep apnoea, daytime sleepiness, snoring disorders and multiple others.

Lung and Chest Diseases

The Chest Clinic is a dedicated unit offering improved care for diseases afflicting the chest wall and chest cavity. Common conditions include chest trauma, bronchiectasis. The clinic is equipped to offer accurate chest x-ray, chest CT scans and other chest imaging studies.

Thoracoscopy

Thoracoscopy is a diagnostic procedure done to examine the lung surfaces and the space surrounding the lungs. It is a high-end surgical technique to diagnose and treat pulmonary problems such as mesothelioma and lung cancer.

Pulmonary Rehabilitation

Pulmonary rehabilitation is a comprehensive service offered to patients suffering from chronic respiratory diseases. Our pulmonary rehabilitation experts offer personalised guidance and support on symptom management and inhaler techniques for prolonged lung health.

A Guide to the Flexible Bronchoscope

A flexible bronchoscope is a medical instrument used for visual examination and diagnostic procedures within the respiratory system. It consists of a flexible, narrow tube with a light source and camera at one end, allowing for insertion through the nose or mouth into the airways. The bronchoscope can navigate through the trachea and bronchi to inspect lung tissues, take samples, or perform therapeutic interventions like removing foreign objects or obtaining biopsies. It enables detailed imaging of the airways and facilitates procedures such as bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS). Flexible bronchoscopy is minimally invasive and vital for diagnosing respiratory conditions like lung cancer, infections, or airway obstructions.

Chest Trauma: A Complete Overview

Chest trauma refers to injuries sustained to the chest wall, lungs, heart, or major blood vessels as a result of blunt or penetrating force. Common causes include motor vehicle accidents, falls, or physical assaults. Symptoms vary based on the severity and type of injury but may include chest pain, difficulty breathing, coughing up blood, or chest wall deformities. Serious injuries like rib fractures, lung contusions, or cardiac trauma require immediate medical attention. Diagnosis involves physical examination, imaging studies, and sometimes invasive procedures like thoracic surgery. Treatment aims to stabilise the patient, relieve symptoms, and address underlying injuries promptly to prevent complications and optimise recovery.

Consequences of Air Pollution on Health

Air pollution poses significant health risks, impacting respiratory, cardiovascular, and overall well-being. Inhalation of pollutants like particulate matter (PM), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), and ozone (O3) can cause or exacerbate respiratory conditions such as asthma, bronchitis, and lung cancer. Fine particles can penetrate deep into the lungs, leading to inflammation and an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases like heart attacks and strokes. Prolonged exposure to air pollution is linked to reduced lung function, cognitive decline, and adverse pregnancy outcomes. Mitigating air pollution through emission controls, cleaner fuels, and urban planning is crucial for public health and environmental sustainability.

Interstitial Lung Disease

Interstitial lung disease (ILD) refers to a group of disorders characterised by inflammation and scarring (fibrosis) of the lung tissue, affecting the interstitium - the space between the air sacs. Causes include autoimmune conditions, environmental exposures, infections, or unknown factors. Symptoms include persistent dry cough, shortness of breath, and fatigue. Diagnosis involves imaging studies (CT scans), pulmonary function tests, and sometimes lung biopsy. Treatment aims to manage symptoms and slow disease progression, often with immunosuppressive drugs or oxygen therapy. ILD can be progressive and debilitating, leading to irreversible lung damage and respiratory failure in severe cases.

Pleural Effusion

Pleural effusion is a condition where fluid accumulates in the pleural space, the area between the lungs and the chest wall. Causes include congestive heart failure, pneumonia, cancer, or liver disease. Breathing difficulties, coughing, and chest discomfort are among the symptoms. Diagnosis involves imaging (chest X-ray or ultrasound) and sometimes thoracentesis to analyse fluid for underlying causes. Treatment aims to address the underlying condition and remove excess fluid, often through medications or procedures like thoracentesis or chest tube placement. Severe effusions may require surgery. Complications include lung collapse or infection. Managing pleural effusion depends on identifying and treating the root cause.

Pulmonary Embolism

Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a serious condition where a blood clot (usually from the legs) travels to the lungs and blocks a pulmonary artery. This obstruction can be life-threatening, causing chest pain, sudden shortness of breath, and coughing up blood. Risk factors include prolonged immobility, surgery, pregnancy, or clotting disorders. Diagnosis involves imaging tests like CT pulmonary angiography. Treatment aims to dissolve or remove the clot using anticoagulant medications (blood thinners), thrombolytic therapy, or surgical intervention in severe cases. Prompt treatment is vital to prevent complications such as pulmonary infarction or recurrent PE. Prevention includes early mobilisation and anticoagulation in high-risk individuals.

Rigid Bronchoscopy

Rigid bronchoscopy is a medical procedure using a rigid metal tube to examine and treat airway disorders. Unlike flexible bronchoscopy, it requires general anaesthesia and is often used for larger foreign body removal, controlling bleeding, or managing complex airway conditions. The rigid scope provides a wider working channel for interventions like laser therapy, stent placement, or tumour resection. It's also used in emergencies such as massive bleeding or airway obstruction. Rigid bronchoscopy requires specialised training and is performed by experienced pulmonologists or thoracic surgeons. Despite its invasiveness, it offers precise and effective management of challenging airway pathology.

What do you Need to Know About Lung Nodules?

Lung nodules are small, round or oval-shaped growths in the lungs often detected incidentally on imaging studies like chest X-rays or CT scans. They can be benign or malignant, with causes including infections, scar tissue, or cancerous tumours. Most nodules are non-cancerous, but monitoring their size and characteristics over time is crucial to detect potential malignancy. Treatment depends on the nodule's size, appearance, and risk factors. Options range from observation with regular imaging to biopsy or surgical removal for definitive diagnosis and treatment. Early detection and appropriate management of lung nodules are essential to optimise outcomes and prevent progression to lung cancer.

Why choose us?

Why choose us?

Highlights of the department:

  • Specialized care for asthma, COPD, sleep disorders & all types of TB
  • 100% safe & precision-driven procedures
  • International clinical protocols & safety norms
  • All cashless insurance facilities available
  • 24×7 ICU & critical care facilities

Our pulmonology experts

Our pulmonology experts

Patient testimonials

Patient testimonials

FAQs

FAQs

How can I improve my lung health?

Some measures you can take to improve your lung health include deep breathing, counting your breath, staying hydrated and exercising.

What are some common respiratory diseases?

Common respiratory illnesses include asthma, COPD, bronchitis, cystic fibrosis and pneumonia.

What are the risk factors of COPD?

Risk factors for COPD are smoking, breathing second-hand smoke, exposure to air pollution, exposure to chemicals and drugs. 

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