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Interstitial Lung Disease

Everything One Needs to know about Interstitial Lung Disease

Everything One Needs to know about Interstitial Lung Disease

Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD) is a group of over 200 lung conditions causing inflammation and scarring of the lungs.

These conditions affect a part of the lungs called the interstitium, which supports the tiny air sacs of the lungs called the alveoli.

Though it primarily affects the alveoli, other parts of the lungs, such as the airways, blood vessels, and the lining of the lung, may also be affected.

Also known as diffuse parenchymal lung disease (DPLD), the damage caused by interstitial lung disease is usually irreversible.

Symptoms of interstitial lung disease

Symptoms of interstitial lung disease

Having ILD can damage the parts of the lungs that help get oxygen into the blood and out to the tissues. This lack of oxygen can cause various interstitial lung disease symptoms, such as:

Causes of interstitial lung disease

Causes of interstitial lung disease

Interstitial lung disease can have both known as well as unknown causes.

The known causes can be certain medical conditions, side effects, allergies to certain medications, or exposure to toxic substances. When the causes are unknown, it is known as idiopathic interstitial lung disease.

The following are the known causes of ILD:

Diagnosis of interstitial lung disease

Diagnosis of interstitial lung disease

Interstitial lung disease diagnosis can be derived through a physical exam, testing the patient’s lung function, and getting an interstitial lung disease X-ray.

During the medical exam, we ask patients about their and their family’s medical history, medications, work, or hobbies to determine if they were exposed to any causes of ILD.

We also check for any unusual sounds while they are breathing and perform certain tests for interstitial disease diagnosis, such as:

Types of interstitial lung disease

Types of interstitial lung disease

Over 200 different types of interstitial lung disease exist. All of them cause the interstitium to thicken either from scarring, inflammation, or fluid buildup.

Following are some of the types of interstitial lung disease:

Some of these interstitial lung disease types are acute, while others are chronic.

Treatment of interstitial lung disease

Treatment of interstitial lung disease

Interstitial lung disease is chronic and has no cure as such. It cannot be reversed once it occurs. However, certain medications can slow down disease progression. Interstitial lung disease treatment thus mainly focuses on improving the symptoms.

We may recommend the following medications and treatments for ILD:

Prevention of interstitial lung disease

Prevention of interstitial lung disease

Though individuals cannot prevent interstitial lung disease entirely, as many causes aren’t preventable, they can reduce the risk of ILD by avoiding breathing in any harmful substances.

Patients can also follow these steps to prevent ILD:

Conclusion

Conclusion

Interstitial lung disease is chronic and incurable. The damage caused is irreversible; patients can only manage the symptoms and slow disease progression.

For patients concerned about having any interstitial lung disease symptoms, we recommend making an appointment at the nearest CK Birla Hospital; we have a dedicated department to manage such critical pulmonary conditions.

With the help of advanced technology, our team of expert pulmonologists supports patients by proactively diagnosing ILD and protecting their lungs from further damage.

We also counsel patients on managing ILD and advise them to adopt certain lifestyle changes to improve their quality of life. We ensure all this while being empathetic and prioritising patients’ comfort from the very outset.

Book an appointment now and consult with Dr. Kuldeep Grover.

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