. What is bronchitis- Symptoms, causes & treatment | CK Birla Hospital
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Things you need to know

Things you need to know

-Bronchitis is the inflammation or swelling of the bronchial tubes—the air passages between the mouth and the nose, and the lungs.
-Bronchitis affects a person's capacity to breathe air and oxygen into their lungs, as well as their ability to eliminate thick mucus or phlegm from their airways.
-Bronchitis can be acute or chronic and is usually caused by cold or other respiratory illnesses.

Bronchitis- acute and chronic
Bronchitis- acute and chronic

Bronchitis is an inflammation of the bronchial tube lining, transporting air to and from the lungs. Patients affected with bronchitis cough up thicker and possibly coloured mucus. Bronchitis can either be acute or chronic.

Acute bronchitis is a common condition and chronic bronchitis is more of a serious condition that is causing a constant irritation or inflammation of the lining of the bronchial tubes, often due to smoking. 

Acute bronchitis, also called the chest cold, improves within a week or ten days without having any lasting effects. However, the cough may linger for weeks, and if you cough on a regular basis, you may develop chronic bronchitis, which necessitates medical attention.

Bronchitis symptoms and signs
Bronchitis symptoms and signs

In the case of acute bronchitis, you may have cold symptoms like mild headache and body ache, and these symptoms start to improve within a week with a cough that lingers for weeks.

It takes around three months to recover from chronic bronchitis, with recurrent bouts lasting at least two years.

Bronchitis causes
Bronchitis causes

Acute bronchitis happens due to a viral or bacterial infection.

Chronic bronchitis happens due to environmental contaminants such as chemicals or tobacco smoke.

Bronchitis treatment and further prevention
Bronchitis treatment and further prevention
FAQs
FAQs

If you have bronchitis that lasts for a short period of time then it’s called acute bronchitis, and if your bronchitis symptoms do not go away, then there is a high probability that you have chronic bronchitis. 

In most cases of acute bronchitis, treatment can help, and it gets better within a couple of weeks, but chronic bronchitis is not curable, treatment and medication can help, but it cannot go away completely.

 

With the help of a physical exam, blood tests and enquiring about any symptoms and medical history, the doctors will be able to rule out pneumonia and give the diagnosis as per your tests.