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Chest Trauma

Chest trauma or chest injury are injuries to the area between the chest and the heart.

The injury can be to the organs inside the chest wall or the chest wall. The trauma can be minor or seriously damaging.

Chest trauma can be caused by a blunt force, such as compression, blasts, etc., or by a penetrating force, such as stabbing.

Types of chest trauma
Types of chest trauma

Lesions in the chest area


Lesions in the lung area


Lesions in the airway


Lesions in the heart


Lesions in the blood vessel 


Other lesions in the torso

Chest trauma symptoms
Chest trauma symptoms

Generally, the symptoms and signs of chest trauma consist of:

Causes of chest trauma
Causes of chest trauma

The two main causal factors of chest trauma include:

Blunt trauma/force

Blunt force refers to the force produced when direct contact or collision with a blunt object occurs. It results in contusions, fractures, or crushing of the bones in the chest, lungs, or heart region. It is caused by motor vehicle crashes, physical assaults, injuries in sports, and falls.

Penetrating trauma/force

Penetrating force refers to the force produced when a sharp object penetrates the skin and cuts through body tissue. It is an open wound injury that results in the tearing of the bones and arteries in the chest, heart, and lungs. It is caused by a gunshot and stab wounds.

Chest trauma diagnosis
Chest trauma diagnosis

To diagnose a chest trauma or injury, a doctor performs the following tests besides a blood test and checking the oxygen level in your blood through a pulse oximeter:

Chest trauma treatment
Chest trauma treatment

The treatment of chest trauma depends on the cause and severity of the injury.

Minor injuries are treated with close monitoring and pain control medication.

Pain relief medication also plays a big role in severe injuries – it helps prevent splinting of the muscles in the chest. Sometimes, lesions in the chest and heart, particularly the lung area, require mechanical ventilation or oxygen support.

Most blunt traumas or injuries require operative treatment, such as tracheal intubation and chest tube insertion or drainage.

Most penetrating injuries require immediate admission to the hospital and surgical treatment.


Chest trauma refers to injuries in the chest, heart, and lung areas. There are different types of chest trauma caused by blunt or penetrating force.

If you experience any symptoms like difficulty breathing, extreme chest pain, spit-up blood while coughing, etc. – you can reach out to our doctors at the CK Birla Hospital(R) for a diagnosis.

Our doctors at the CK Birla Hospital(R) follow internationally set clinical protocols and conduct top-notch tests for chest trauma diagnosis. Our surgeons accordingly carry out safe and precision-driven surgeries for the treatment.

For the diagnosis and treatment of chest trauma – visit the CK Birla Hospital(R) or book an appointment with Dr (Brig) Ashok K. Rajput (Retd)

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