. Vulvar Cancer - Symptoms, Causes, Treatment and Diagnosis | CK Birla Hospital
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Vulvar Cancer

About Vulvar Cancer
About Vulvar Cancer

The vulva is the external part of the female genitalia. It is the area of the skin surrounding the urethra and the opening of the vagina. The vulva includes other female sex organs such as the clitoris and labia.

Vulvar cancer is cancer that develops on the healthy cells (tissues) of the vulva. This type of cancer can develop anywhere or in any organ of the vulva. It develops in the form of a lump or tumour. 

Vulvar Cancer symptoms
Vulvar Cancer symptoms

The signs and symptoms of vulvar cancer are not always obvious, especially during its early stages. Vulvar cancer symptoms develop gradually and become most noticeable in advanced stages. Common signs and symptoms include:

Vulvar cancer causes
Vulvar cancer causes

Vulvar cancer causes are not exactly known. However, researchers know that the development of cancer is attributed to DNA changes. Vulvar cancer occurs when healthy cells begin to divide and multiply at an abnormal rate leading to the development of mass called tumour.

There are two different types of vulvar cancer depending on the type of cells that are affected. These include – Vulvar squamous cell carcinoma and Vulvar melanoma.

Vulvar cancer is rare but can affect anyone. Common risk factors increasing the chances of getting vulvar cancer:

Vulva Cancer diagnosis
Vulva Cancer diagnosis

The diagnosis of vulvar cancer is usually drawn in advanced stages due to its asymptomatic nature in the early stages. Vulvar cancer diagnosis is done when a woman presents with the above-given symptoms or during routine checkup. There are a range of tests and screenings done to detect vulvar cancer. Common diagnostics include:

Additional testing is done to detect the stage and extent of cancer. These include pelvic exams and CT scans.

Vulva Cancer treatment
Vulva Cancer treatment

The treatment of vulvar cancer depends on various factors. These include the type, location and stage of cancer as well the patient’s age and overall health. Based on your individual biological markers, your doctor will devise a treatment plan suited to your health needs.

Common treatment protocols for vulvar cancer include: