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What is vaginitis?
What is vaginitis?

Vaginitis is an umbrella term to define a group of conditions that cause inflammation and itching in the vagina. This inflammation can also extend to the vulva. There are different types of vaginitis, which include:

  1. Bacterial vaginosis – Your vagina includes certain levels of natural bacteria. This bacteria can, sometimes, overgrow upsetting the balance and leading to inflammation.
  2. Yeast infections – Yeast infections are highly common. They are caused by a naturally occurring fungus known as Candida albicans.
  3. Trichomoniasis – Trichomoniasis is an infection caused by a parasite. This is usually transmitted through sexual contact.
Vaginitis symptoms
Vaginitis symptoms

Vaginitis symptoms differ from type to type. This condition is usually identified by persistent inflammation and itching. Besides these, common vaginitis symptoms include:

Primarily, vaginitis symptoms are used to help identify the type of infection. These symptoms vary in the abnormal discharge indicating the type.

Bacterial vaginosis – In this infection, you may experience a grey-tinted vaginal discharge which is foul-smelling (fishy odour).

Yeast infection – Yeast infection may cause a cottage cheese type of discharge that is thick white in texture. 

Trichomoniasis – During trichomoniasis, you may experience a greenish-yellow discharge.

Vulvovaginitis causes
Vulvovaginitis causes

Vulvovaginitis causes are basically dependent on the type of vaginitis. There are several causes including:

While every woman is prone to the development of vaginitis, some women are at a greater risk than others. Common risk factors include:

Diagnosing Vaginitis
Diagnosing Vaginitis

The diagnosis of vaginitis is usually done when a woman appears for her general pelvic exam or when she presents with the above-given symptoms. There are several measures done to help diagnose vaginitis. Common methods include:

Vaginitis treatment
Vaginitis treatment

Vaginitis treatment is based on the type of infection and the causes of vaginitis. Your gynaecologist will devise a specialised treatment plan for you to treat the root cause of the problem.

The treatment protocol is also dependent on the findings of the investigations. Common treatment measures include:

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