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Sexually transmitted diseases

Sexually transmitted diseases or infections occur through unprotected sexual intercourse
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Why us for treatment of sexually transmitted diseases?

Why us for treatment of sexually transmitted diseases?
Internationally acknowledged team of gynaecologists
Age-appropriate specialised care
Full range of treatment options
State-of-the-art diagnostic & therapeutic procedures
Compassionate care in a private setting

We offer complete treatment solutions for most types of sexually transmitted diseases. Our team of gynaecological experts provide personalised treatments for your sexual and reproductive health. We prioritise your safety and privacy and offer a comfortable, confidential environment for healthy discourse on the management of sexually transmitted diseases.

Our gynaecology specialists

Our gynaecology specialists

STD: Everything About Sexually Transmitted Diseases

STD: Everything About Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Sexually transmitted diseases comprise pathogenic infections that spread from unprotected cohabitation with individuals already infected. 

STD is a confirmatory sign that individuals have underlying sexually transmitted infections. We suggest patients experiencing unexplained reproductive and pelvic discomfort visit a physician to get checked for underlying symptoms. 

STD facts that a patient needs to know

Most sexually transmitted diseases get transmitted through unprotected sexual activities (herpes, syphilis) or congenital (AIDS). It can lead to irreversible reproductive damage or compromise overall immunity, leading to death.

Every year, nearly 374 million people get infected with STDs worldwide. 

How many types of sexually transmitted diseases?

Physicians classify STDs based on the route and source of infection. We highlight the sexually transmitted diseases transmitted based on the pathogens spreading the infection. It includes:

Bacterial STDs

  • Chlamydia
  • Gonorrhoea
  • Syphilis

Viral STDs

  • Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
  • Hepatitis B
  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Genital Herpes

Parasitic STDs

  • Shigellosis
  • Trichomoniasis

STD symptoms: How to recognise a venereal disease?

Sexually transmitted diseases show few symptoms in the early stage of the infection. These are not life-threatening conditions but can lead to permanent reproductive issues or a slow death (HIV) if not detected during early infection.

Here are the probable signs that patients should know about STDs:

  • Unexplained discomfort in the pelvic region
  • Intense pain during sexual union or urination
  • Itchiness of the vagina/penile shaft
  • Foul-smelling fluid leaking from penis/vagina
  • Presence of rash, cold sores and allergies to the genital regions (patients may develop it around the mouth while indulging in unprotected oral sex)

Besides, patients experiencing STD types also report body aches, fever, loss of appetite, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), and loss of immunity. 

What causes sexually transmitted diseases?

STDs are among the most reported diseases among patients with poor sexual awareness and a frequent history of unprotected intimacy. Check out the potential routes of infection that can lead to various sexually transmitted diseases:

  • Unprotected sexual union (anal, oral, vaginal)
  • Physical intimacy with strangers
  • Lack of intimate hygiene
  • Individuals sharing IV injections for drug abuse
  • Individuals using unsterilised toiletries (razor) of individuals suspected of STD symptoms
  • Infection from body fluids (blood transfusion from a patient with STD)
  • Newborn developing infection from an infected mother during delivery (HIV and syphilis)
STD diagnosis: Detecting venereal diseases

Patients require pathological examination, including specific diagnostic tests, to confirm sexually transmitted diseases. Physicians perform the following to diagnose patients showing suspected STD symptoms:

  • Manual inspection
  • Antigen/antibody tests (AIDS)
  • Body fluid tests (blood, saliva, urine)
  • Evaluation of abnormal discharge
  • Swab test of the infected area (cheek, genitals)
  • Cell sampling or biopsy to detect potential carcinogenic activities
  • Colposcopy and laparoscopy for further inspection of the site of infection


STD treatment: Potential clinical therapy

STDs are treatable conditions. Except for AIDS, herpes, hepatitis, and human papillomavirus (HPV), most sexually transmitted diseases are curable. Patients with a history of casual or unprotected sexual interaction with multiple partners must seek clinical aid when experiencing potential STD symptoms during the early stages of the infection.

STD treatment includes:

  • Antibiotics help fight bacterial STDs (chlamydia, gonorrhoea)
  • Antiviral medications help slow virus-borne STD infections from spreading since most have no cure.
  • Vaccination is an essential step against STD types like hepatitis and human papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Surgical measures (cryotherapy, electrocautery) in removing genital warts that frequent patients with HPV

How to prevent sexually transmitted diseases?

STDs are easily preventable, unlike most diseases, given the narrow route of infection limited to transferring body fluids or sexual union. Sexually transmitted diseases are preventable through responsible behaviour and hygienic measures to eliminate the passing of body fluid, the primary carrier of infection.

It includes:

  • Abstinence from casual intimacy
  • Use of protection (condom, dental gum) when cohabiting with a stranger
  • Not taking part in IV drug abuse (sharing injections suspected individuals having underlying STDs are among the top reasons for spreading the infection)
  • Regular clinical visits and undergoing testing help spot suspected STD symptoms.

Patient testimonials

Patient testimonials



You can prevent STDs by using barrier contraception such as condoms during sexual intercourse and getting routinely screened. 

Common types of STDs include chlamydia, genital herpes, human papillomavirus (HPV), gonorrhoea, hepatitis B, syphilis and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

Common signs of STDs include bumps or sore on the genital area, painful urination, abnormal vaginal discharge and pain.

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