. Autoimmune Hepatitis Causes, Type & Treatment - CK Birla Hospital
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About Autoimmune hepatitis
About Autoimmune hepatitis

Autoimmune hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver, and this happens when the body’s immune system attacks its own liver cells.  Though the exact cause of this disease is unknown and for this, the treatment can only help, as the condition is incurable.

 As known, the environmental factors appear to affect the liver, thereby triggering autoimmune hepatitis. Autoimmune hepatitis is a chronic disease that can last years, and if it is left untreated, it can lead to cirrhosis.

Symptoms of Autoimmune hepatitis
Symptoms of Autoimmune hepatitis

Symptoms of autoimmune hepatitis vary from person to person, and it may even affect the body suddenly.  Some people may not be able to recognise the symptoms in the early stages of autoimmune hepatitis, whereas some may experience the followings symptoms.

Causes of autoimmune hepatitis
Causes of autoimmune hepatitis

Even after various researches, the exact cause of autoimmune hepatitis is still a mystery that news to be solved by experts. In addition, there are some autoimmune conditions that can trigger autoimmune hepatitis.

Types of autoimmune hepatitis
Types of autoimmune hepatitis

Experts have identified two types of autoimmune hepatitis to detect the level of damage. 

Type 1: Type 1 autoimmune hepatitis is one of the most common ones. People with Type 1 autoimmune hepatitis are known to have other autoimmune disorders as well. It can affect anyone at any age. 

Type 2:  Type 2 autoimmune hepatitis is more prone to young people and children but in some cases can affect adults as well. 

Risk Factors
Risk Factors

Below are some of the factors that may increase the risk of autoimmune hepatitis.

Diagnosis
Diagnosis

The expert will go through the medical history of the patient before performing a physical exam. Below are some of the routine tests that are used to diagnose autoimmune hepatitis:

Treatment
Treatment

The whole purpose of the treatment is to control the autoimmune hepatitis and reduce the effect of the condition. To do this, medication is given to help slow donw the severity of the disease. The medication helps to stop the immune system’s attack on the body. For the treatment to work, early detecton of the disease is essesntial or if it is left untreated it may lead to cirrhosis and to which the final treatment method is a liver transplant.