. What is prostate cancer? | CK Birla Hospital
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Things you need to know

Things you need to know

- The prostate is a small, walnut-shaped gland responsible for producing seminal fluid in males.
- Prostate cancer occurs when cells in the prostate gland begin to divide and multiply at an abnormal rate.
- Prostate cancer can affect any man at any age. It is, however, more prevalent in older men.

Prostate cancer

Prostate cancer

The prostate is a small, walnut-shaped gland located below the bladder. It secretes seminal fluid that nourishes and protects the sperm. The size of the prostate can change as a man grows old.

Prostate cancer is a common form of cancer that begins in the prostate gland. In this condition, cancerous cells begin to grow out of control. There are different types of prostate cancer, including:

Prostate cancer symptoms

Prostate cancer symptoms

Prostate cancer symptoms affect every individual differently. There are usually no signs and symptoms in the early stages, however, you can expect the following symptoms in advanced stages:

Prostate cancer causes

Prostate cancer causes

The exact prostate cancer causes are unknown. Researchers believe that certain types of changes in the DNA of prostate cells can lead to the development of cancer. These changes in the DNA can trigger the cells to multiply at an atypical rate causing a cancerous growth.

Prostate cancer can affect any man, however, some individuals are at a higher risk compared to others. The following factors can increase your risk of prostate cancer:

Prostate cancer treatment

Prostate cancer treatment

Doctors recommend that you should seek routine screening for prostate cancer because of its asymptomatic nature in the initial stages. You should understand your personal risk of the disease and take prompt screening measures.

Tests and procedures done to diagnose prostate cancer include:

Prostate cancer treatment will be based on different factors including the stage of cancer, the rate at which the cancer is spreading, your age and overall health. Prostate cancer is treated with a multidisciplinary approach with one or more protocols combined. 

Common treatment alternatives for prostate cancer include:

FAQs
FAQs

You can prevent prostate cancer by eating a healthy and nutritious diet, exercising regularly, maintaining a healthy body weight and knowing your risk of cancer.

Prostate cancer can be effectively cured if detected and treated early.

Prostate cancer can affect your sexual and reproductive health in advanced stages.