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Internal medicine

Comprehensive primary care and wellness for acute and chronic medical conditions
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At the Department of Internal Medicine, we offer investigations, management and treatment for multiple health conditions, functional impairment and lifestyle disorders for patients of all ages. Our internal medicine team is your first point of medical contact for preliminary investigations and assessment. From acute problems like the common cold to long-term illnesses like diabetes, we offer evidence-based comprehensive care tailored to your unique needs with a multidisciplinary team approach for optimal outcomes. We are also equipped with 24X7 Emergency, ICU and Critical Care facilities for patients with complex medical needs.

Our services

Our services

Infectious diseases

Infectious diseases are health conditions caused by bacteria, fungi, viruses or parasites. Common infectious diseases include influenza, chickenpox, dengue, tuberculosis, typhoid, colds and chest infections. We offer medical and surgical interventions at our purpose-built infection control unit and our ICU is equipped with an isolation chamber for safety and hygiene.

Autoimmune diseases

Autoimmune diseases are those in which a person’s immune system attacks its own healthy cells. These conditions include lupus and rheumatoid arthritis. Specialised tailor-made treatments are offered to relieve symptoms and suppress the overactive immune system.

Endocrine and hormonal problems

The endocrine system contains several glands that are responsible for the production of hormones. Endocrine diseases are caused as a result of hormonal imbalances. These include diabetes and thyroid disorders. These issues are treated with tailor-made drug protocols to regulate hormone levels.

Preventive medicine

Preventive medicine helps in early detection and effective treatment of a wide range of medical conditions which may not show any symptoms in the early stages. We offer routine risk assessments, high-end diagnostics, guidance on personalised healthy behaviours, lifestyle measures and tailored treatments for an improved quality of life.

Heart blockage

The electric signals control the beating of our heart, and any disruptions in the beating is an indication of partial or complete blockage in the heart. These electric signals travel from the upper chamber of the heart to the lower chamber, and when these electric signals do not travel from the upper chamber to the lower, there is a heart blockage.

Loose Motion or Diarrhoea

Loose motion, commonly known as diarrhoea, is a gastrointestinal condition characterised by frequent passage of loose or watery stools. It occurs when the intestines fail to absorb sufficient water or when excessive fluids are secreted into the bowel. Diarrhoea can result from various factors, including viral or bacterial infections, food poisoning, medications, or underlying medical conditions like irritable bowel syndrome. Symptoms may include abdominal cramps, dehydration, and fever. Treatment typically involves staying hydrated with fluids and electrolytes, modifying diet to include bland foods, and in some cases, medications to manage symptoms or address underlying causes. If severe or persistent, medical attention may be necessary to prevent complications.

Brain Stroke

A brain stroke, also known as a cerebrovascular accident (CVA), occurs when blood flow to the brain is interrupted, leading to brain cell damage or death. Ischemic strokes, caused by a blocked blood vessel, are the most common type, while hemorrhagic strokes result from a ruptured blood vessel. The symptoms include a sharp headache, disorientation, trouble speaking or comprehending speech, and abrupt numbness or weakness in the face, arm, or leg. Prompt medical attention is crucial, as early treatment can minimise brain damage and disability. Prevention involves managing risk factors like hypertension, diabetes, and high cholesterol through lifestyle changes and medications.

Brain Tumour

A brain tumour is an abnormal growth of cells in the brain, which can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Symptoms vary depending on the tumour's size, location, and rate of growth and may include headaches, seizures, vision or hearing problems, memory loss, and changes in personality or behaviour. Diagnosis involves imaging tests like MRI or CT scans, followed by a biopsy for confirmation. Treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination, depending on the tumour type and stage. Early detection and prompt treatment are essential for improving outcomes and reducing complications associated with brain tumours.


An inflammation of the bronchial tubes, which are the airways that provide air to the lungs, is known as bronchitis. Acute bronchitis is typically caused by viral infections, such as the common cold or flu, leading to symptoms like coughing, chest discomfort, fatigue, and sometimes low-grade fever. Chronic bronchitis is a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), characterised by persistent cough with sputum production for at least three months in two consecutive years. Diagnosis involves physical examination and sometimes chest X-rays or pulmonary function tests. Treatment includes rest, hydration, over-the-counter medications for symptom relief, and in some cases, antibiotics for bacterial infections. Quitting smoking is crucial for preventing chronic bronchitis.

Chest Pain Causes

Chest pain can stem from various causes, ranging from benign to life-threatening. Common culprits include musculoskeletal strains, acid reflux, and anxiety. However, it's crucial to consider more serious conditions such as heart disease, pulmonary embolism, or aortic dissection. Cardiac issues like angina or myocardial infarction demand immediate attention due to their potential for severe consequences. Respiratory disorders like pneumonia or pleurisy can also manifest as chest discomfort. Other causes may involve gastrointestinal problems, such as gastritis or oesophagal spasm. Accurate diagnosis, often through medical history, physical examination, and diagnostic tests, is essential to determine the underlying cause and appropriate treatment.


Chickenpox, caused by the varicella-zoster virus, typically manifests as itchy red spots or blisters all over the body. When respiratory droplets or direct contact with blister fluid are present, it spreads quickly. Symptoms include fever, headache, and fatigue. While usually mild in children, it can be severe in adults or those with weakened immune systems. Complications may include bacterial skin infections, pneumonia, or encephalitis. Vaccination offers effective prevention. Treatment focuses on symptom relief through antiviral medications, pain relievers, and soothing lotions. Quarantine and good hygiene practices help contain its spread, especially in susceptible populations.

Dengue Fever

Dengue fever, transmitted by the Aedes mosquito, presents with sudden onset of high fever, severe headache, joint and muscle pain, and rash. It's prevalent in tropical and subtropical regions, posing a significant public health concern. Dengue can progress to severe forms, Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) or Dengue Shock Syndrome (DSS), characterised by plasma leakage, bleeding, and organ impairment, leading to potentially fatal outcomes. Early diagnosis through blood tests and prompt medical intervention are vital. Prevention involves mosquito control measures, such as eliminating breeding sites and using insect repellents. Vaccines are under development, offering hope for future dengue prevention strategies.


Edema refers to the abnormal accumulation of fluid in body tissues, leading to swelling and puffiness. It can affect various parts of the body, such as the legs, ankles, feet, arms, or hands. Causes range from minor conditions like sitting or standing for prolonged periods, to serious medical issues like heart failure, kidney disease, or liver cirrhosis. Other factors include pregnancy, certain medications, or lymphatic system disorders. Treatment focuses on addressing the underlying cause, often involving lifestyle changes, medication adjustments, compression therapy, or elevation of the affected limb. Severe cases may require medical intervention, such as diuretics or drainage procedures.

Geriatric Medicine

Geriatric medicine specialises in the healthcare needs of older adults, addressing age-related complexities and maintaining their quality of life. It encompasses a multidisciplinary approach, considering medical, social, and psychological factors unique to seniors. Geriatricians focus on preventing and managing chronic conditions like dementia, osteoporosis, and cardiovascular diseases prevalent in ageing populations. They emphasise preventive care, medication management, and rehabilitation to promote independence and well-being. Assessment tools like comprehensive geriatric assessments aid in identifying individual needs and tailoring care plans. Collaboration with caregivers and other healthcare professionals ensures holistic support for older adults, recognizing their diverse needs and enhancing their overall health outcomes.

High Blood Pressure

When the blood pressure against the arterial walls is continuously too high, it results in high blood pressure, also referred to as hypertension. This condition strains the heart and damages blood vessels, potentially leading to severe health complications like heart disease, stroke, or kidney failure. Often asymptomatic, it's dubbed the "silent killer" for its subtle yet destructive nature. Lifestyle factors such as poor diet, lack of exercise, smoking, and stress contribute to its prevalence. Usually, medication, lifestyle modifications, and routine monitoring are part of management. Raising awareness about its risks and promoting preventive measures is crucial in combating this widespread health concern.

Why choose us for Internal Medicine?

Why choose us for Internal Medicine?

Highlights of the department:

  • Expertise in critical care management and multi-system diseases
  • 24X7 Emergency, ICU and Critical Care facilities
  • Proficiency in resolving diagnostic dilemmas
  • Experienced team of doctors assuring exceptional outcomes

Our doctors

Our doctors

Patient testimonials

Patient testimonials



When should I consult an internal medicine specialist?

You should consult an internal medicine specialist when you are seeking primary care for health concerns including heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, obesity, and chronic lung disease.

What steps can I take to improve my health?

You should eat a nutrition-dense diet, exercise regularly, avoid stress, control your body weight and sleep for at least 6-8 hours a day for better health.

How can I prevent diabetes?

To prevent diabetes, you should reduce your sugar intake, work out regularly, drink plenty of water, lose weight if you are overweight or obese and avoid smoking.

Who should consult an internist for preventive medicine?

Preventive medicine can support patients of any gender and age group to correct their unhealthy lifestyle habits. Ideally, everyone should schedule a routine preventive health check.

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