. Prenatal Screening Tests During Your Pregnancy | CK Birla Hospital
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Things you need to know

Things you need to know

Prenatal screenings and tests

Prenatal screenings and tests

Prenatal screenings and tests is an umbrella term for a wide variety of medical tests and scans done during pregnancy. 

Prenatal screening tests are done routinely during your prenatal visits and allow your healthcare provider to monitor your health as well as your baby’s growth and development. There are certain other tests that can help highlight the risk or probability of certain health conditions such as birth defects and chromosomal abnormalities.

Types of prenatal screenings and tests

Types of prenatal screenings and tests

Majorly, there are two types of prenatal testing. These include:

Screenings: Prenatal screening tests help in the early detection and identification of certain birth defects and genetic disorders.  

Diagnostics: Diagnostic tests are done if your fetus is at risk of certain health conditions, as suggested by screening tests. Diagnostic tests are performed to confirm the diagnosis of a condition.

First trimester prenatal screening tests

First trimester prenatal screening tests

Prenatal screening tests done in the first trimester of pregnancy include:

Second trimester screening tests

Second trimester screening tests

Common prenatal tests done during the second trimester of pregnancy are:

Third trimester screening tests

Third trimester screening tests

Prenatal screenings and tests performed in the final trimester of pregnancy include:

FAQs
FAQs

Routine prenatal tests include blood tests, ultrasound, chorionic villus sampling (CVS) and amniocentesis.

Prenatal genetic tests offer valuable information about your baby’s chances of developing a certain genetic or chromosomal condition. 

Most common birth defects include Down syndrome, mouth or facial defects, heart defects and musculoskeletal defects.