. Newborn Baby Care: A guide for First-Time Parents | The CK Birla Hospital
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Newborn baby care
Newborn baby care

Things you need to know

Things you need to know

Infant developmental milestones

Infant developmental milestones

Your baby will pass through several growth landmarks, especially during the first year. Every baby is unique and grows at his/her own pace and there is no rigid tracker. However, you may want to keep a note of certain developments. 

Here are some infant developmental milestones to notice in your baby:

Breastfeeding and nutritional needs

Breastfeeding and nutritional needs

Breastfeeding is among the first elements of new born care. Breast milk is very healthy for infants as it contains several essential nutrients such as protein, vitamins and fat. Furthermore, breast milk includes certain antibodies that help your newborn fight against viruses and bacteria. It is recommended that new mothers should breastfeed their babies at least until 6 months. If you choose to feed your baby formula milk, you should ensure to use a BPA free plastic bottle. 

 

As your baby grows, you may eventually introduce partially solid foods such as cereals and puree of certain fruits and vegetables. It is recommended that you should feed solid foods to your baby by the age of 4-6 months old. However, your newborn will continue to need breastfeeding support to meet his/her nutritional requirements. By 9 months, your baby may be ready to try finger foods such as ripe banana pieces, chunks of carrots and dry cereal.

Sleeping

Sleeping

Your infant will spend most hours of the day sleeping. Newborns usually sleep for small periods of 2-4 hours throughout the day and require nourishment within a few hours. However, eventually, your newborn will develop his/her sleeping pattern. 

 

Here are some things to consider while putting your baby to sleep:

Soothing a baby

Soothing a baby

It is important to understand and decipher the cries of your baby in order to calm them and provide the best new born care. Most babies cry when they feel hungry as they require frequent feeding. Another reason why your baby may be crying could be his/her discomfort post-feeding. It is because babies usually swallow air during feeding. You should always burp the baby after feeding them in order to avoid such discomfort. 

 

Uncomfortable or wet nappies can be another reason behind your baby’s woes. Make sure to check their diaper and change it timely. Similarly, too many layers of clothing can be uncomfortable for the baby. Your baby may also feel distressed if and when they feel tired and crave your touch. 

Bathing your baby

Bathing your baby

It is recommended that you give your baby sponge baths in the first few weeks until the umbilical cord heals. Bathing your baby twice or thrice a week is sufficient as frequent bathing can cause skin dryness. Here are some bathing essentials you should take care of:

 

Newborn baby tests

Newborn baby tests

Your paediatrician will conduct a few tests and checkups to ensure your newborn is healthy. These tests include a thorough physical examination to understand your baby’s breathing, behaviour and activity. Your healthcare provider will also examine your baby’s reflexes towards light, touch and sound. 

 

Your paediatrician may further order a few tests and scans to better understand your baby’s health. Some common newborn baby tests include:

FAQs
FAQs

Common components of newborn baby care include immediate skin-to-skin care, breastfeeding, umbilical cord care, eye care and immunization. 

One of the top positions for latching and feeding a newborn is cross-cradle. In this position, your baby is supported by the arm opposite to the breast from which the baby is feeding.

Every baby grows at a unique pace. However, common infant development milestones include rolling over, sitting up, standing and walking.