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Placental Abruption

Each year placental abruption affects between 2.5% and 3.8% of all pregnant women in India.  Globally, 1 in every 100 pregnant individuals has placental abruption during gestation.

Knowing more about this condition and understanding placental abruption risk factors can help make pregnancies and deliveries, both safer and healthier.

What is placental abruption?
What is placental abruption?

The placenta is an organ that develops when a woman or a female-bodied person becomes pregnant. Its main role during pregnancy is to provide the growing foetus with oxygen and nutrients through the umbilical cord.

In a healthy pregnancy, the placenta is connected to the wall of the mother’s uterus. But in some instances, the placenta separates and moves away from the wall of the uterus. This condition is called placental abruption.

Placental abruption is a serious medical condition that can jeopardise the lives of the mother and foetus alike. When the placenta is not connected to the mother’s uterine wall, the foetus loses its access to nutrients and oxygen.

Quick treatment is imperative to ensure both mother and foetus are healthy and safe.

Types of placental abruption
Types of placental abruption

There are two placental abruption types.

In addition, placental abruption types are classified based on the severity of the abruption.

Is placental abruption dangerous?
Is placental abruption dangerous?

Placental abruption is a very serious medical condition for both, the mother and her baby. Common complications due to placental abruption are as follows:

Mothers and loved ones should monitor the pregnancy closely to identify any of the symptoms of placental abruption and seek immediate treatment if necessary.

Can placental abruption affect subsequent pregnancies?
Can placental abruption affect subsequent pregnancies?

Yes, it’s been observed that individuals who experienced a placental abruption in one pregnancy have about a 15% chance of experiencing another placental abruption in future pregnancies too.

In fact, placental abruptions are seen to increase in frequency and severity after the first occurrence.

Why does placental abruption occur?
Why does placental abruption occur?

Placental abruption causes include the following:

Placental abruption symptoms
Placental abruption symptoms

Placental abruption typically occurs after 20 weeks of pregnancy. But it can happen before that in some cases. Placental abruption symptoms include the following:

Risk factors that increase a person’s likelihood of placental abruption
Risk factors that increase a person’s likelihood of placental abruption

 

Placental abruption risk factors that make a person more vulnerable to the condition include the following:

Mothers need to have a clean and careful lifestyle to give their babies the best chance and have a healthy life together.

How is placental abruption diagnosed?
How is placental abruption diagnosed?

The placental abruption test constitutes the following:

Placental abruption treatments
Placental abruption treatments

Based on the severity of the abruption, one of two placental abruption treatments may be given.

Conclusion
Conclusion

Placental abruption is a scary reality for pregnant individuals. But pregnant women and female-bodied individuals don’t need to handle this condition alone. Getting immediate medical care when any symptoms or complications are noticed can go a long way in keeping both mother and her baby safe.

Not only will pregnancy care and gynaecological support give the mother the best chance at safe labour, but it will also allow the baby to have a healthy and happy life.

The CK Birla Hospital is nationally-renowned for its premier gynaecological and obstetrics care. Our doctors have helped many women with placental abruption safely navigate pregnancy and birth. Our goal is to get your baby as close to term as possible, ensure safe delivery and help you have subsequent safe pregnancies too. Contact us today to schedule a consult with Dr. Deepika Aggarwal.

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