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Benign Breast Diseases

Benign breast diseases are non-cancerous diseases or abnormalities affecting the breast
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The Breast Centre at the CK Birla Hospital is fully equipped to offer best-in-class diagnosis, prevention and treatment of benign breast diseases. Our breast health experts provide a thorough evaluation and personalised care protocols for the best treatment outcomes. We have the latest diagnostic and therapeutic tools and techniques along with the expertise of our specialists to offer you comprehensive care.

Our specialists

Our specialists

About Benign Breast Diseases

Benign breast diseases are non-cancerous abnormalities of the breasts. These usually appear in the form of abnormal breast lumps. These diseases are not potentially life-threatening but they can increase your chances of developing breast cancer in the later stages of life.

Benign breast diseases are fairly common in women as a large majority of women experience fibrocystic changes in their breasts at some point in their life. Nonetheless, benign diseases can also impact men.

Benign Breast Disease Symptoms

The exact symptoms of a benign breast disease depend upon its type and severity. However, a range of symptoms is common for most non-cancerous diseases. These include:

  • Breast lump
  • Nipple discharge
  • Changes in the shape, size or appearance of breasts
  • Pain and breast tenderness
  • Inverted or scaly nipples
Common Benign Breast Diseases

There are several different types of benign breast diseases, including:

Cysts – Breast cysts are fluid-filled sacs or pockets inside your breasts.

Fibroadenomas – Fibroadenomas are breast lumps caused as a result of hormonal changes. This is one of the most common benign breast diseases in women.

Fibrocystic breast changes – Fibrocystic breast changes are very common as women experience a range of hormonal changes in their breasts. Fibrocystic breasts are composed of lumpy breast tissues.

Mammary duct ectasia – In this condition, the milk or mammary duct in the breast widens causing its walls to thicken leading to fluid build-up.

Hyperplasia – Hyperplasia, also known as hypergenesis, is a condition leading to abnormal enlargement of the breast due to cell proliferation.

Traumatic fat necrosis – Traumatic fat necrosis occurs when there is a lump of dead and damaged tissues formed inside the breast after trauma or surgery.

Intraductal papilloma – In this condition, a wart-like lump appears in the mammary ducts of the breasts.

Benign Breast Disease Causes

Common causes of benign breast disease include:

  • Fibrocystic changes in the breast over time
  • Scar tissue
  • Changes in hormones
  • Breast infection
  • Use of certain medications
Benign Breast Disease Treatment

Mostly, benign breast diseases are diagnosed on the onset of symptoms or during routine breast exams. Your healthcare provider may recommend certain tests to diagnose and confirm your condition. These include mammograms, ultrasounds, MRI, analysis of nipple discharge and breast biopsy.

Based on the results of your investigations, your healthcare provider will make a personalised care plan to treat your condition and minimise your risk of breast cancer in future. Common treatment protocols include:

  • Fine needle aspiration
  • Surgery to remove lumps
  • Medicinal treatment

Patient testimonials

Patient testimonials



Certain benign breast diseases can increase your risk of breast cancer. For example atypical hyperplasia.

Pregnancy hormones can trigger changes in the breasts such as breast tenderness and nipple discharge and lead to the development of breast lumps.

Yes, prevention of benign breast diseases includes seeking routine screenings, performing routine self-exams, maintaining healthy body weight, exercising regularly, eating a healthy diet and avoiding smoking.

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