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Spine surgery

Spine surgery is a surgical procedure to treat spinal deformity, trauma and related disorders
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Why us for spine surgery?

Why us for spine surgery?
100% safe and high-precision surgeries
Computer-assisted surgeries
Artificial intelligence and mixed reality spine surgery
Internationally renowned spine surgeons
In-house physiotherapy centre for rehabilitation

The Department of Orthopaedics at the CK Birla Hospital works with an emphasised focus on ‘safe spine surgeries’. Our team of experts are renowned worldwide for their dynamic innovations and expertise in this field. Some of our spine surgeons have introduced many ‘firsts’ in India including lumbar hybrid with second-generation mono-bloc viscoelastic Artificial Disc Replacement (LP-ESP), extreme lateral interbody fusion XLIF (first team in Asia as well) and MiS 360 fusion for adult degenerative scoliosis. We have the expertise and state-of-the-art technologies to treat a wide range of conditions such as degenerative conditions, injuries and tumours.

Our spine surgery specialists

Our spine surgery specialists

All about spine surgery and treatments

All about spine surgery and treatments
About spine surgery

Spine surgery is a procedure to expose the anatomy of spinal structure and treat it for a range of conditions and disorders. Spinal surgery is often indicated as a last resort when non-surgical alternatives such as physical activity, physiotherapy, anti-inflammatory and other medications have failed to be effective.

Spine surgery can be done in a traditional and minimally invasive manner. In a traditional (open) spine surgery, the entire spinal curvature or most part of it is exposed for treatment while a minimal access surgery allows a surgeon to avoid operating on the surrounding muscles and tissues. Minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS) is prefered over conservative surgery as it offers a range of benefits including shorter hospitalisation, faster recovery, fewer risk of infections, less bleeding and less post-operative pain.

Indications of spine surgery

The objective of spine surgery is the stabilisation of injuries, prevention of additional injuries, alleviating symptoms, correction of deformities and early mobilisation among others. 

Spinal surgery may be indicated for the treatment of the following conditions: 

Neck and back injuries: Neck and back injuries that are not improving with medicinal treatments or physiotherapy and turning into chronic problems can be treated with spinal surgery. However, only your healthcare provider will determine if you are in the need of surgery or not. 

Spinal deformities: Spinal deformity is an abnormal alignment or curvature in the spinal vertebral column that can be present from birth or acquired as a result of trauma or accidents. Spine surgery can effectively correct these deformities to avoid long term impacts. Common spine deformities include lordosis, kyphosis and scoliosis. 

Herniated discs: A disc is a soft jelly-like rubbery centre that is present between each of the bones in the vertebrae column of the spine. Discs are encased in a tougher exterior. When this disc pushes through its tough exteriors, the condition is known as herniated discs or slipped discs. 

Spinal stenosis: Spinal stenosis is a condition that causes narrowing of the spaces present between your spine.  As a result of this narrowing, there can be increased pressure on the nerves travelling through the spine leading to pain, tingling, muscle weakness and numbing. 

Sciatica: Sciatic is a nerve that runs down from the lower back to one or both of your legs. Sciatica is a condition that causes pain in this nerve as a result of pressure, pain or irritation. 

Degenerative disc diseases: Degenerative disc diseases cause the discs in the spinal column to break down or deteriorate as a result of ageing. This disease is also called osteoarthritis of the spine. 

Scoliosis: Scoliosis is a spinal deformity that causes a sideways curvature of the spine. It mostly presents during the growth spurt of puberty. 

Spondylolisthesis: Spondylolisthesis is a disorder of the spine that occurs when one of the bones in your vertebrae slips out of its original position and onto the bone below it. This condition is highly common in sports activities such as gymnastics and football. 

Vertebral compression fracture: Vertebral compression fractures usually occurs as a result of conditions like osteoporosis. In this condition, one or more of the bones in your vertebrae become weak and collapses. 

 Spinal infections: Spinal infections are rare and can be caused by fungus, virus and bacteria. Spinal infections can cause fever, weight loss, muscle spasms, leg and arm pain among other symptoms. 

Spinal tumours: Spinal tumours can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). These tumours are an abnormal mass of tissue that collects inside or around the spinal cord.

Types of spine surgery

There are several different types of spine surgeries and procedures. The type of spine surgery depends upon the patient’s condition, the severity of symptoms, cause of the condition, patient’s overall health, age and other facts. 

Common types of spine surgery include:

  • Discectomy
  • Laminectomy
  • Laminotomy
  • Disc replacement
  • Spinal fusion
What to expect

Your healthcare provider will first evaluate your condition. You can expect to undergo certain investigations and tests such as X-rays, MRI scans, laboratory tests and more. After your investigations, your healthcare provider will give you mandatory instructions prior to surgery. 

Depending on the type of your condition, your symptoms and the type of your surgery, your surgeon will proceed with the treatment. 

Your recovery will, similarly, depend upon your treatment and type of surgery. You should strictly adhere to your surgeon’s instructions to recover fully and rapidly.

Patient testimonials

Patient testimonials



The time taken to perform spine surgery depends upon the type of surgery and the approach used (open or minimally invasive).

Your recovery will depend upon your condition, the severity of your symptoms and the type of surgery. You can expect to recover in nearly 4-6 months post your surgery.

Walking after spine surgery is an important aspect. However, only your surgeon can help identify when you should start walking and at what pace. 

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