. Thyroid Cancer - Types, Causes and Symptoms | CK Birla Hospital
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Thyroid Cancer

Overview
Overview

Thyroid cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the thyroid gland. Thyroid nodules are common but usually are not cancer. There are different types of thyroid cancer. Age, gender, and being exposed to radiation can affect the risk of thyroid cancer.

Types of thyroid cancer
Types of thyroid cancer

The following can be the different types of thyroid cancer:

Causes of thyroid cancer
Causes of thyroid cancer

The causes of thyroid cancer are not clear. It occurs when cells in the thyroid undergo genetic changes (mutations) which allow the cells to grow and multiply rapidly.

The cells also lose the ability to die as normal cells would. The accumulating abnormal thyroid cells form a tumour. The abnormal cells can invade nearby tissues and can spread to other body parts.

Signs and symptoms of thyroid cancer
Signs and symptoms of thyroid cancer

Thyroid cancer can mimic other diseases and ailments. The signs and symptoms of thyroid cancer may include:

Diagnosis of throat cancer
Diagnosis of throat cancer

A physical exam or laboratory test can reveal the presence of thyroid cancer. For example, an examination of the neck may show a small or large mass in the thyroid. Lymph nodes may also enlarge and get detected.

Following are the lab tests and procedures used to diagnose thyroid cancer:

Treatment of thyroid cancer
Treatment of thyroid cancer

The treatment of thyroid cancer depends on the type of cancer, size of the tumour and if it has metastasized or spread. Thyroid cancer treatment includes: