. Throat Cancer - Types, Symptoms, Causes and Treatment | CK Birla Hospital
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Throat Cancer

Overview
Overview

Throat cancer is a type of head and neck cancer that develops in the throat (pharynx) or voice box (larynx). Throat cancer is known by several different names, depending on which part of the throat is affected. The different parts of the throat are called the oropharynx, the hypopharynx, the nasopharynx, and the larynx or voice box.

Types of throat cancer
Types of throat cancer

Throat cancer is a general term that applies to cancer, developing in the throat or in the voice box. Though most throat cancers involve the same types of cells, specific terms are used to differentiate the part of the throat where the cancer started.

Signs and symptoms of throat cancer
Signs and symptoms of throat cancer

Signs and symptoms of throat cancer include the following:

If you notice any of these symptoms, you should consult a doctor immediately.

Causes and risk factors of throat cancer
Causes and risk factors of throat cancer

Below are the factors that may increase the risk of developing throat cancer:

Diagnosis of throat cancer
Diagnosis of throat cancer

The doctor examines the patient and asks questions about general health, smoking and drinking habits, sexual history and overall medical history. To get a closer look at the throat, the doctor may use advanced medical devices. If the doctor thinks the patient might have throat cancer, then the doctor suggests tests and procedures depending on what kind of cancer they suspect. The most common tests and procedures the doctor uses to diagnose throat cancer include:

Treatment of Throat Cancer
Treatment of Throat Cancer

The doctor first tries to get rid of the tumours, stop cancer from spreading, and protect the ability to swallow and speak as much as possible. The treatment of throat cancer depends on the stage of cancer, where it is, the overall general health of the patient, and his/her preferences. The doctor may use one or more treatments that include: