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Kidney stones

Kidney stones are hard mineral deposits that collect inside the kidney
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Why us for kidney stones removal?

Why us for kidney stones removal?
State-of-the-art dialysis unit by Fresenius
LASER kidney stone removal
Customised treatment protocols for best results
Advanced surgical techniques for full and fast recovery
Expertise in specialised kidney stone treatment

The Department of Nephrology & Dialysis provides comprehensive prevention, diagnosis and treatment of stones related problems. At the CK Birla Hospital, we offer state-of-the-art LASER kidney stone removal that provides faster recovery, less pain, fewer complications and less bleeding to the patients. We also offer other medicinal, non-invasive and conventional surgery methods for kidney stones.

Our nephrology specialists

Our nephrology specialists

About kidney stones

Kidney stones are hard crystalised deposits of minerals and salts that form and collect inside your kidneys. Kidney stones vary in shape, size and number and affect everyone differently. Kidney stones can obstruct your urinary tract and cause bothersome symptoms.

Kidney stones symptoms

Everyone experiences kidney stones differently. It is majorly because of the size and number of stones. While small stones may cause lesser and unnoticeable symptoms, large-sized stones can cause severe pain and other issues. Common kidney stones symptoms include:

  • Sharp and sudden pain at the side of the back
  • Pain that radiates to the groin and abdomen
  • Intense waves of pain
  • Pain and burning sensation while urinating
  • Oddly-coloured urine
  • Cloudy or foul-smelling urine
  • Increased need to urinate
  • Fever
  • Nausea and vomiting
Kidney stones causes

There is no single cause that leads to the development of kidney stones. The primary reason behind their formation is the increased presence of crystal-forming substances in the urine, such as calcium, oxalate and uric acid.  

Based on the cause, there are different types of kidney stones, including:

  • Calcium stones 
  • Struvite stones
  • Cystine stones
  • Uric acid stones 
Risk factors of kidney stones

While kidney stones can form in anyone at any age, they are more common in some individuals than others. The risk factors of kidney stones include:

  • Family history of stones 
  • Personal history of stones 
  • Excessive dehydration 
  • Obesity 
  • Digestive diseases 
  • Certain medical conditions like urinary tract infections 
  • Certain supplements and medications
Kidney stones treatment

The treatment of kidney stones depends on the size and number of stones. Usually, small-sized stones pass away on their own through urine. However, large stones may require surgical intervention. Large stones are first broken down into smaller fragments which are then passed through urine. 

Treatment methods include:

  • Promoting hydration and passage of stones 
  • Pain relief medicines 
  • Medical therapy to help pass the stones 
  • Minimally invasive surgery for stone removal 
  • LASER treatment 
  • Percutaneous nephrolithotomy 
  • Removal with the use of a ureteroscope

Patient testimonials

Patient testimonials



If left untreated, kidney stones can cause damage to the kidneys, loss of kidney function, bladder blockage and infections.

You can prevent kidney stones by staying hydrated, eating calcium-rich foods, decreasing the intake of sodium and oxalate.

Laser treatment involves the use of high-energy laser beams to break down the stones into very small fragments so that they can be passed through urine. 

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