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Chronic kidney disease

Chronic kidney disease is the gradual loss of kidney function
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Why choose us?

Why choose us?
State-of-the-art dialysis unit by Fresenius
Affordable treatment plans
Customised treatment protocols for best results
Advanced surgical techniques for full and fast recovery
Expertise in specialised renal care

Our team of nephrology experts are equipped to offer effective prevention, detection and management of chronic kidney disease. We provide enduring solutions and support for your renal health while maintaining your renal function. The CK Birla Hospital is a purpose-built unit that offers a variety of treatment options for chronic kidney disease and other kidney problems.

Our nephrology specialists

Our nephrology specialists

About chronic kidney disease

Chronic kidney disease is the gradual or progressive loss of kidney function. This condition develops or worsens over several years of time. Your kidneys are responsible for filtering waste and toxins from your blood. Due to chronic kidney disease, you may lose your renal function leading to the accumulation of toxins inside your body.

Symptoms of chronic kidney disease

Since chronic kidney disease CKD develops over several years, it is possible to not notice any symptoms during its early stages. Common signs and symptoms of CKD include:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Gradual loss of appetite
  • Sleep disturbances and other problems
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Urinary changes
  • Swelling in feet and ankles
  • A decline in mental sharpness
  • Muscle twitches
  • Muscle cramps
  • Breathlessness
  • Persistent itching
  • Chest pain
  • High blood pressure
Causes of chronic kidney disease

Chronic kidney disease is caused when an underlying disease or condition affects your kidney function over time. Some common causes include:

  • Diabetes 
  • Hypertension
  • Polycystic kidney disease
  • Inflammation of the kidney filters
  • Interstitial nephritis
  • Obstruction of the urinary tract from conditions like prostate enlargement and kidney stones Vesicoureteral reflux (in which urine flows back into the kidneys)
  • Recurrent kidney infections 

Your lifestyle habits such as smoking, consumption of alcohol and obesity as well as your age and family history can also increase your chances of developing chronic kidney disease.

Diagnosis of chronic kidney disease

If chronic kidney disease is detected early, you can seek effective and timely treatment and prevent the condition from worsening. If you have any of the above-given signs or symptoms or increased risk for CKD, you should routinely meet your healthcare provider and get screened for CKD. 

Common tests done to diagnose chronic kidney disease include:

  • Blood tests 
  • Urine tests  
  • Kidney biopsy 
Treatment of chronic kidney disease

Chronic kidney disease does not have a cure. It can, however, be treated effectively. Your healthcare provider will design a treatment plan based on your signs and symptoms, the cause of the disease and the rate at which the disease is progressing. 

Your nephrologists will offer medicinal treatment to relieve symptoms along with medicines to treat the root cause. If your kidney disease is due to high cholesterol levels, your doctor will prescribe medication to treat it and other causes, accordingly. 

If your chronic kidney disease has progressed to an advanced stage, then your doctor will aim to restore and maintain your maximum renal function. At this stage, you will be offered dialysis treatment along with medications to alleviate symptoms. 

Patient testimonials

Patient testimonials



Chronic kidney disease can lead to fluid retention, anaemia, bone weakness, heart and blood vessel diseases, damage to the central nervous system, decreased immune response and irreversible damage to kidneys.

You can prevent CKD by maintaining a healthy weight, avoiding smoking and seeking treatment for medical conditions.

CKD patients should avoid intake of a high amount of salt, reduce their intake of potassium and increase their consumption of protein. 

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