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Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Everything You Should Know About Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Everything You Should Know About Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) can affect women, in both the short and long term, and is increasingly becoming one of the most common causes of infertility in women today.

It’s important to be aware of the signs and symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) to seek prompt treatment. In many cases, PID can be treated successfully with antibiotics if it’s caught early enough.

Unfortunately, PID often goes undiagnosed until it reaches an advanced stage, when the condition can not only threaten fertility, but even lead to sepsis or death in severe cases.

Pelvic inflammatory disease can lead to sterility, ectopic pregnancy, or chronic pelvic pain, which can greatly affect the quality of life even after PID has been successfully treated.

Read on to better understand the pelvic inflammatory disease and how it affects the body.

What is a pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)?

What is a pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)?

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection in a woman’s reproductive organs. It may be caused by sexually transmitted bacteria, such as chlamydia or gonorrhoea.

It can also be caused by bacteria entering the body through skin cuts, like a bike accident or animal bite. PID is more common when one has unprotected sex with a new partner.

The condition can be extremely life-threatening if it spreads to the blood, so it is important to get it diagnosed early.

Pelvic inflammatory disease causes

Pelvic inflammatory disease causes

Pelvic inflammatory disease is caused by bacteria in the vagina which subsequently spreads towards the cervix and uterus.

The most common cause of the pelvic inflammatory disease is chlamydia, which can be passed through sexual intercourse without using a condom or any form of birth control.

PID can also be caused by gonorrhoea, an infection that causes symptoms similar to that of chlamydia.

Pelvic inflammatory disease symptoms

Pelvic inflammatory disease symptoms

One of the most common symptoms of Pelvic inflammatory disease is lower abdominal pain, which can be either dull or sharp. Other symptoms include fever, abdominal tenderness, spotting between periods, and pelvic inflammatory disease discharge with an unusual odour.

A woman may have no symptoms at all but still have PID, and the infection can spread quickly without treatment.

Pelvic inflammatory disease risk factors

Pelvic inflammatory disease risk factors

Anyone can develop PID, but there are certain risk factors. They are as follows:

Pelvic inflammatory disease diagnosis

Pelvic inflammatory disease diagnosis

Pelvic inflammatory disease treatments

Pelvic inflammatory disease treatments

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease treatment methods are as follows:

What are the complications of PID?

What are the complications of PID?

The complications of PID are extensive and long-lasting. PID can cause fertility issues and increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy. In some cases, PID will lead to chronic pelvic pain or infertility.

The most serious complication is that it can lead to death if not treated early, so a person experiencing symptoms of PID should see the doctor as soon as possible.

Can PID be prevented?

Can PID be prevented?

Yes, it can be prevented. Here’s how:

What are the long-term effects of PID?

What are the long-term effects of PID?

Pelvic inflammatory disease has many long-term effects, including scarring of the reproductive organs. Scarring may lead to infertility and can increase the risk for other serious illnesses later in life.

Scarring can also cause chronic pelvic pain, causing pain every day.

PID can also cause ectopic pregnancy, an uncommon condition when a fertilized egg implants itself outside the uterus. If not detected in time, ectopic pregnancies can be life-threatening for both the patient and the baby.

Conclusion

Conclusion

The treatment for Pelvic Inflammatory Disease depends on the severity of the infection. If it’s just a mild infection, taking antibiotics may be all that is needed. However, surgery may be required if it is severe or if the affected person does not respond to initial treatment.

If you have been diagnosed with PID or think you might have it, contact the CK Birla Hospital. Our doctors and staff will walk you through what PID is and how it’s treated in India.

It’s important for you to understand your condition as well as its treatment options. Our team of physicians are highly trained in diagnosing and treating pelvic inflammatory disease. Contact us today to get more information or book an appointment with Dr. Archana Pathak.

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