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Sinusitis Treatment in Ghaziabad

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What is Sinusitis

What is Sinusitis

Sinusitis, a common condition characterised by sinus inflammation, often requires treatment to alleviate symptoms such as facial pain and congestion. Effective management can prevent complications like sinus infections and meningitis. If you're considering treatment for sinusitis, reach out to us, or book a direct appointment with our ENT specialists. At the CK Birla Hospital, we are dedicated to ensuring that your sinusitis treatment is as safe, comfortable, and effective as possible. We're here to guide you every step of the way towards a successful recovery.

Sinusitis: Cause, Prevention, Types

Sinusitis: Cause, Prevention, Types

What are the Causes and Risk Factors of Sinusitis?

Sinusitis can be triggered by a variety of pathogens such as viruses, bacteria, fungi, and allergens. Common culprits for sinusitis include:

  1. The common cold.
  2. Influenza (the flu).
  3. Bacteria (Moraxella catarrhalis, Haemophilus influenza, and Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  4. Nasal and seasonal allergies.

Certain individuals are at a higher risk of developing sinusitis due to specific factors:

  1. Nasal allergies.
  2. Asthma.
  3. Nasal polyps (abnormal growths).
  4. Deviated septum: A condition where the tissue dividing the nose is not straight, causing a blockage in one side of the nasal passage.
  5. Weakened immune system: This can result from diseases like HIV or cancer, or certain medications.
  6. Smoking.

What are the Risks if Sinusitis is Not Treated Timely and Properly?

Sinusitis, if untreated, poses various risks and complications, such as:

  • Chronic Sinusitis: May develop from acute sinusitis if not properly managed.
  • Secondary Infections: Increases susceptibility to bacterial infections in nearby areas like ears or lungs.
  • Spread of Infection: Can extend to adjacent structures such as eyes or brain, causing severe conditions like orbital cellulitis or meningitis.
  • Mucosal Damage: Chronic inflammation can lead to scarring and thickening of sinus tissues, impairing normal function.
  • Decreased Quality of Life: Persistent symptoms like facial pain, headaches, and breathing difficulties impact daily life.
  • Complications in Vulnerable Populations: Those with weakened immune systems or underlying conditions face heightened risks.
  • Rare but Serious Complications: Infections like meningitis or sepsis can occur if left untreated.

What are the Types of Sinusitis?

The various types of sinusitis are:

Acute, Subacute, Chronic, and Recurrent Sinusitis

  • Acute: Lasts less than four weeks; symptoms include nasal congestion, drainage, facial pain/pressure, and decreased sense of smell, usually caused by viruses.
  • Subacute: Lasts four to 12 weeks.
  • Chronic: Lasts at least 12 weeks, usually caused by bacteria.
  • Recurrent: Symptoms return four or more times a year, lasting less than two weeks each time.

Bacterial and Viral Sinusitis

  • Viral: The most common cause, often triggered by the common cold.
  • Bacterial: Follows viral sinusitis, symptoms persist after ten days and often worsen.

Fungal Sinusitis – More severe, particularly in those with weakened immune systems.

What are the Types of Sinusitis Treatment?

Viral infections are the main cause of sinusitis instances, which may resolve on their own. Your symptoms might be eased by over-the-counter (OTC) medications and home remedies, like:

Nasal Congestion

  • Apply a warm, damp cloth to the face and forehead.
  • Perform nasal saline rinse.
  • Stay hydrated with water and juice.
  • Use OTC medication like guaifenesin.
  • Use a humidifier or steam for relief.
  • Consider OTC nasal corticosteroid spray.

Pain Medications – OTC options like acetaminophen and ibuprofen help with sinus headaches.


  • Necessary if symptoms persist after a few weeks.
  • Symptoms indicating bacterial infection: runny nose, congestion, cough, facial pain, eye swelling, fever.
  • Follow doctor’s instructions for a 10-14 day course.
  • Monitor symptoms for improvement or worsening.

Doctor’s Visit

  • Follow-up visit if symptoms persist.
  • Referral to an ENT specialist if necessary.
  • Allergy tests may be recommended.


  • Consider if chronic sinusitis persists despite medication.
  • Procedures may include sinus clearance, Functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS), septum repair, or polyp removal,  

How can You Prevent Sinusitis?

Various methods can be employed to lower the likelihood of developing sinus infections, contingent on the underlying cause. These methods include:

  1. Following your provider’s instructions for nasal saline rinses.
  2. Implementing measures to mitigate allergies, such as prescribed medications, allergy shots, and steering clear of known allergens like dust, pollen, or smoke.
  3. Utilising steroid nasal sprays as advised by your healthcare provider.
  4. Cultivating effective handwashing practices and other habits aimed at minimising the risk of contracting infectious illnesses.
  5. Steering clear of smoke exposure and seeking assistance to quit smoking, if applicable.

Top ENT Specialist In Delhi NCR

Top ENT Specialist In Delhi NCR

How is Sinusitis Diagnosed?

Based on the patient's medical history and symptoms, medical professionals diagnose sinusitis. They examine ears, nose, and throat for swelling, draining, or blockage, often using an endoscope to look inside the nose.
Diagnosis involves these specific tests:
  • Nasal endoscopy
  • Nasal swabs to test for viruses or germs
  • Imaging such as computed tomography (CT) scan
  • Allergy testing for chronic sinusitis
  • Biopsy to collect tissue samples from the nose for testing (rarely used)

What are the Pre-treatment/surgery Instructions for Sinusitis?

Pre-treatment and surgery instructions for sinusitis involve both medical and surgical approaches:
  • Medical treatments may include antibiotics, decongestants, nasal corticosteroids, and saline nasal irrigation.
  • Surgical options like endoscopic sinus surgery, balloon sinuplasty, or functional endoscopic sinus surgery(FESS) may be recommended for severe or recurrent cases.
  • Before treatment, review medications, fast as instructed, maintain good hygiene, and quit smoking if applicable.
  • Post-treatment, manage pain, follow nasal care instructions, avoid strenuous activities, and attend follow-up appointments for monitoring and healing assessment.
Consult your healthcare provider for personalised guidance and adherence to specific instructions.

What are the Post-surgery Instructions for Sinusitis?

Post-surgery instructions for sinusitis can vary based on surgery type and patient condition, but general guidelines include:
  • Activity: Rest initially, avoiding strenuous activities, heavy lifting, and bending.
  • Medication: Follow the prescribed medication regimen precisely, including antibiotics, pain relievers, and nasal sprays.
  • Nasal care: Keep passages moist with saline sprays, avoiding forceful nose blowing.
  • Bleeding: Minor nosebleeds are normal; contact provider if persistent or heavy.
  • Avoid irritants: Stay away from cigarette smoke, strong odours, and pollutants.
  • Follow-up appointments: Attend all scheduled appointments for progress monitoring.
  • Diet and hydration: Stay hydrated, avoiding hot liquids and spicy foods.
  • Rest and recovery: Allow ample time for healing, avoiding strain on the surgical site.
  • Signs of complications: Watch for severe pain, fever, congestion worsening, or vision changes; contact the provider promptly.
Follow specific instructions for optimal healing and consult your medical team with any concerns.

How do You Recover After a Sinusitis Treatment?

Recovering from sinusitis involves several steps:
  • Finish prescribed antibiotics completely.
  • Use nasal decongestants or steroid sprays as directed.
  • Employ nasal saline irrigation to clear mucus.
  • Stay hydrated to thin mucus and keep passages moist.
  • Utilise humidifiers to maintain moist air.
  • Get adequate rest to aid recovery.
  • Avoid irritants like smoke and allergens.
  • Attend follow-up appointments with your doctor.
  • Practise good hygiene to prevent reinfection.
  • Consider allergens if relevant.
These measures, alongside rest and hydration, contribute to effective recovery. Monitor symptoms closely and consult your healthcare provider if symptoms persist or worsen.

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FAQs around Sinusitis

FAQs around Sinusitis

What is Sinus?

The sinus is a system of hollow cavities in the skull that produce mucus, helping to filter, moisten, and warm the air we breathe, and providing resonance for speech.

Is Sinus Dangerous?

Sinus issues like infections or inflammation can cause discomfort but are typically not dangerous. However, severe or chronic conditions may require medical attention for proper management and relief.

What is the Average Cost of a Sinusitis Treatment?

The cost of a sinusitis treatment varies as per the specific type advised by a healthcare provider, such as:

  • Nasal congestion
  • Pain medications
  • Antibiotics
  • Doctor’s visit
  • Surgery

The cost can also vary widely depending on several factors, including the location, the type of treatment, the doctor’s experience, and the hospital’s pricing structure.

To get an explicit estimate for the cost of sinusitis treatment at the CK Birla Hospital, contact the hospital directly. Additionally, you can consult with our board-certified ENT specialist to discuss your specific needs and receive a personalised quote for the treatment.

Does the Sinus Cause a Headache?

Yes, sinus inflammation or infections can lead to headaches due to pressure buildup in the sinus cavities. This pressure can cause pain around the forehead, eyes, cheeks, and nose.

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