. Cleft Palate or Cleft Lip: Symptoms, causes, and treatment | CK Birla Hospital
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Things you need to know:

Things you need to know:

- Cleft palate is a deformity found in babies that is treatable by a cosmetic surgeon
- A cleft palate can be treated before birth also if diagnosed at the right time in an ultrasound
- If surgery is not performed for a cleft palate, it can lead to speech problems when a child is older

Cleft palate or cleft lip

Cleft palate or cleft lip

Split between the upper lip or an opening in the roof of the mouth is known as a cleft lip or cleft palate.

This is one of the most common abnormalities found in newborns. The formation of the lips of the unborn happens in around 6 to 8th weeks of pregnancy. Clip lip happens when the tissue that helps in the formation of lips does not unite completely before birth, leaving an opening in the upper lip.

Symptoms of cleft palate

Symptoms of cleft palate

Though a split in the lip or palate is easy and immediately identified at birth. But the following can be a few symptoms that may go unnoticed:-

Types of Cleft Lip

Types of Cleft Lip

There can be two types of clip lip: a bilateral cleft lip and a unilateral cleft lip.

Causes and risk factors

Complications

Complications

If cleft lip or cleft palate is not operated there can be several complications:- 

Treatment of cleft lip and cleft palate

Treatment of cleft lip and cleft palate

It is essential to treat the cleft lip and palate as it will help improve the child’s ability to eat, speak, and hear and also maintain a normal facial appearance.

The surgery performed is done in such a way that it leaves the least possible appearance of scar on the face. The scar might fade to a certain level but will always be visible to some extent.

Plastic surgeons will guide the parents through the whole surgery to make them aware of how it will be performed and explain to them its favorable outcomes. It will help the child to feel less insecure and will build up his/her confidence. 

During the process:-

FAQs
FAQs

A cleft palate can be a result of genetic and other lifestyle factors. Consult a specialist to find the exact cause of cleft palate.

Yes, a cleft palate can be seen in an ultrasound.

Lips begin to form around 6-8 weeks during pregnancy. If a cleft lip is present during a 20th-week scan, it will be seen during the ultrasound.