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Enlarged Prostate Treatment in Delhi

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What is Enlarged Prostate

What is Enlarged Prostate

Enlarged Prostate, or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), requires effective treatment to alleviate symptoms like urinary hesitancy, urgency, and frequent urination. Treatment options range from medications to minimally invasive procedures, addressing complications like urinary retention and recurrent urinary tract infections. If you're considering treatment for prostate enlargement, reach out to us, or book a direct appointment with our urologist. At the CK Birla Hospital, we are dedicated to ensuring that your prostate enlargement treatment is as safe, comfortable, and effective as possible. We're here to guide you every step of the way towards a successful recovery.

Enlarged Prostate: Cause, Prevention, Types of Surgery and Cost

Enlarged Prostate: Cause, Prevention, Types of Surgery and Cost

What are the Causes of Prostate Enlargement?

Healthcare professionals and researchers lack certainty regarding the origins of prostate enlargement.

One hypothesis suggests that as individuals age, there is a decline in testosterone levels (low testosterone), while oestrogen levels remain stable. This hormonal shift may prompt prostate cell enlargement. Interestingly, individuals supplementing with testosterone may experience the development or exacerbation of BPH.

Moreover, individuals assigned male at birth (AMAB) in older age brackets typically exhibit elevated levels of dihydrotestosterone (DHT). DHT, a more potent variant of testosterone, is known to contribute to prostate enlargement.

Risks of Untreated Enlarged Prostate

The risks of an untreated enlarged prostate are:

  • Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs): Obstructed urine flow increases bacterial growth.
  • Acute Urinary Retention (AUR): Sudden blockage requires urgent intervention.
  • Bladder Stones: Stagnant urine leads to stone formation, requiring surgery.
  • Bladder Damage: Persistent pressure weakens bladder muscle, causing dysfunction.
  • Kidney Damage: Backflow of urine harms kidneys, risking infections.
  • Hematuria: Bladder irritation causes blood in urine.
  • LUTS (lower urinary tract symptoms) Progression: Symptoms worsen over time, affecting quality of life.
  • Sleep Disturbances: Nocturia disrupts sleep, leading to fatigue.
  • Decreased Quality of Life: Physical discomfort and emotional distress impact daily activities.

What are the Types of Enlarged Prostate Surgery?

Several different types of surgery can address prostate tissue blockage, including:

  • Transurethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP): A special instrument is inserted through the urethra to visualise and remove prostate tissue.
  • Transurethral Incision of the Prostate (TUIP): Two small incisions are made in the prostate and bladder neck to widen the urethra.
  • Transurethral Electrovaporization: An electrode heats prostate tissue, turning it into steam.
  • GreenLight™ Laser Treatment: A special laser evaporates enlarged prostate tissue.
  • Aquablation®: High-pressure water jets remove prostate tissue.

New BPH treatments offer less invasiveness and quicker recovery, like:

  • Prostatic Urethral Lift: Special implants separate prostate lobes, widening the urethra.
  • Rezūm™ Therapy: Steam vapour destroys prostate cells, leading to shrinkage.

Common side effects include increased urination and discomfort. Recovery time is typically short, with symptom improvement within weeks.

What is the Average Cost of a Enlarged Prostate Surgery?

The cost of a prostate enlargement surgery varies as per the specific type advised by a healthcare provider, such as:

  • Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)
  • Transurethral incision of the prostate (TUIP)
  • Transurethral electrovaporization
  • GreenLight™ laser treatment
  • Aquablation
  • Prostatic urethral lift
  • Rezūm therapy

The cost can also vary widely depending on several factors, including the location, the extent of the procedure, the surgeon’s experience, and the hospital’s pricing structure.

To get an explicit estimate for the cost of an enlarged prostate surgery at the CK Birla Hospital, contact the hospital directly. Additionally, you can consult with our board-certified urologist to discuss your specific needs and receive a personalised quote for the procedure. 

How can You Prevent Prostate Enlargement?

To reduce your risk of developing BPH, consider the following:

Lifestyle changes

  • Exercise regularly for at least 30 minutes daily to prevent prostate enlargement or slow prostate growth.
  • Maintain normal levels of cholesterol, blood pressure, and blood sugar.

Supplements that may aid in reducing enlarged prostate risk include:

  • Beta-sitosterol: Found in plants, it supports heart health.
  • Pygeum Africanum: Extracted from African cherry tree bark, it may shrink the prostate.
  • Flaxseed: Rich in fibre and omega-3 fatty acids, it helps lower cholesterol.
  • Pumpkin Seed Oil: Derived from pumpkin seeds, it may aid in prostate shrinkage.

Before starting any new supplements, consult your healthcare provider to avoid adverse reactions to existing medications or supplements.

Top Urologist in Delhi

Top Urologist in Delhi

How is Enlarged Prostate Diagnosed?

When assessing for Enlarged Prostate, healthcare professionals follow a structured approach combining physical examination, medical history review, and specialised tests:
Physical Examination - Includes a rectal examination to assess prostate size and shape.


Various diagnostic tests are conducted, including:

  • Urinalysis: Checks for blood and bacteria in urine.
  • Urodynamic test: Measures bladder pressure during urination.
  • PSA test: Screens for prostate cancer.
  • Post-void residual: Assesses urine remaining in the bladder after urination.
  • Cystoscopy: Examines urethra and bladder using a lighted scope.
Medication history is crucial; some drugs affect urinary function. Adjustments should be supervised by healthcare professionals. Communicate self-care attempts and outcomes to your clinician after at least 2 months.

What are the Pre-treatment/surgery Instructions for Enlarged Prostate?

Before Enlarged Prostate Treatment or surgery, patients get specific instructions from healthcare providers, varying based on planned treatment. Here are the general pre-treatment guidelines:
  • Medical Evaluation - Patients undergo a thorough medical evaluation, including physical examination and imaging tests like ultrasound or MRI to assess the prostate gland.
  • Medication Management - Depending on symptom severity, medications may be prescribed to manage symptoms before surgery.
  • Blood Tests - Ordered to assess kidney function and blood clotting ability for surgical planning.
  • Fluid Intake - Adjustments may be advised, especially for surgeries like transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP).
  • Bowel Preparation - Some surgeries, like TURP, require colon emptying before surgery.
  • Medication Adjustment - Certain medications, like blood thinners, may need temporary cessation.
  • Smoking Cessation - Advised for smokers to reduce surgery risks and enhance overall health.
  • Informed Consent - Detailed information is provided before signing consent forms.
  • Pre-operative Assessment - Additional assessments like ECG or chest X-ray may be needed.
  • Follow-up Instructions - Detailed instructions provided for pre and post-operative care, including dietary restrictions and follow-up appointments.
Patients must follow instructions and communicate openly with healthcare providers before prostate enlargement treatment or surgery.

What are the Post-surgery Instructions for Enlarged Prostate?

Post-surgery instructions for Enlarged Prostate, involve several key points, like:
  • Medication Compliance: Take prescribed medications as directed.
  • Activity Limitation: Avoid heavy lifting and strenuous exercise.
  • Hydration: Drink plenty of fluids to flush the bladder.
  • Catheter Care: Maintain cleanliness around the catheter if inserted.
  • Complication Monitoring: Watch for signs like bleeding or fever.
  • Follow-up Appointments: Attend all scheduled visits.
  • Pelvic Floor Exercises: Consider Kegel exercises for bladder control.
  • Dietary Adjustments: Follow the dietary recommendations provided.
  • Gradual Activity Resumption: Ease back into normal activities as tolerated.
  • Continued Medication Use: Keep taking medications as prescribed.
Consult your healthcare provider for personalised guidance.

How do You Recover After a Enlarged Prostate Surgery?

Recovery after prostate enlargement treatment varies based on the method used:
  • Medication: Manage side effects like dizziness or sexual changes. Attend follow-up appointments for dosage adjustments and monitor effectiveness.
  • Surgery: Expect a hospital stay for monitoring, with pain management and a gradual return to activities. Initially, avoid heavy lifting and vigorous exercise. Urinary symptoms may occur but should improve over time. Follow-up appointments are crucial for monitoring progress and addressing concerns.
Regardless of treatment, adhere to post-treatment instructions, take prescribed medications, and maintain a healthy lifestyle for overall well-being and prostate health.

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FAQs Around Enlarged Prostate Treatment

FAQs Around Enlarged Prostate Treatment

What is Enlarged Prostate, and What are It's Common Symptoms?

Enlarged Prostate, or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), is a non-cancerous growth of the prostate gland, common in ageing men, causing symptoms like frequent urination, weak urine stream, and difficulty starting urination.

When is Surgery Recommended for Enlarged Prostate?

Surgery for an enlarged prostate is typically recommended when symptoms are severe, medications are ineffective, complications arise (such as urinary retention or kidney damage), or there’s suspicion of prostate cancer.

What are the Benefits Associated with Surgical Interventions for Enlarged Prostate?

Surgical interventions for enlarged prostate offer benefits like symptom relief and improved quality of life and sexual health.

Are There Any Alternative or Complementary Therapies that May Help Manage Enlarged Prostate Symptoms?

Alternative therapies for enlarged prostate symptoms include herbal supplements like saw palmetto, lifestyle changes (diet, exercise), acupuncture, and pelvic floor exercises. It is wise to speak with a specialised doctor for enlarged prostate treatment (urologist).

How Often Should I Undergo Prostate Screenings After Receiving Treatment for Enlarged Prostate?

After treatment for Enlarged Prostate, prostate screenings should continue as per guidelines, typically involving regular prostate-specific antigen (PSA) tests and digital rectal exams as recommended by your healthcare provider.

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