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Lung Fibrosis

Pulmonary fibrosis or lung fibrosis is a chronic condition characterised by the thickening and scarring of lung tissue. This can lead to difficulty breathing and a decreased ability to oxygenate the blood.

There are many possible causes of lung fibrosis, including infection, exposure to certain chemicals or toxins, and autoimmune disease. Treatment typically involves lifestyle changes, medication, and therapy.

Symptoms of lung fibrosis
Symptoms of lung fibrosis

Lung fibrosis is a serious medical condition that can lead to a variety of symptoms.  While diagnosing lung fibrosis, we scan for the following symptoms:

Both cyanosis and clubbing are advanced lung fibrosis symptoms that need immediate medical attention. In severe cases, pulmonary fibrosis can be fatal.

Types of lung fibrosis
Types of lung fibrosis

Pulmonary fibrosis is a collective name given to over 200 interstitial lung diseases (ILDs). All these diseases have one thing in common, i.e., scarring of lung tissue, and they are progressive in nature.

Based on what is causing lung fibrosis, it is broadly classified into the following categories:

 Type of Pulmonary Fibrosis Description
 Drug-induced Exposure to chemotherapy or drugs such as methotrexate, nitrofurantoin, and amiodarone
 Radiation-induced Ongoing or previous radiation treatment to the chest
 Environmental (also called hypersensitivity  pneumonitis) Exposure to animals, mould, and other triggers
 Autoimmune Dry eyes or mouth, joint inflammation, skin changes
 Occupational (also called pneumoconiosis) Exposure to silica, coal, asbestos, dust, or fumes that can cause lung fibrosis
 Idiopathic No cause identified

When doctors cannot identify any lung fibrosis causes, the condition is classified as idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.

Some studies have shown that there may be a genetic component to the disease, while others have not been able to confirm this. It is possible that lung fibrosis may be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors.

Those having family members with lung fibrosis must get tested. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial to managing the condition.

Lung fibrosis diagnosis
Lung fibrosis diagnosis

Besides evaluating the patient’s medical history, our doctors will conduct a physical exam to check for symptoms of lung fibrosis. Apart from that, we may order the following tests to confirm a lung fibrosis diagnosis:

Lung fibrosis treatment
Lung fibrosis treatment

There is currently no known cure for lung fibrosis, and it cannot be reversed. However, certain treatments can help improve symptoms and quality of life.

Listed below are the possible lung fibrosis treatment options:

Prevention of lung fibrosis
Prevention of lung fibrosis

Unfortunately, one cannot prevent certain types of lung fibrosis. However, people can avoid some risk factors to prevent the scarring of lung tissue or slow its progression.

For example, quitting smoking is one of the best ways individuals can reduce their risk. Additionally, avoiding exposure to airborne irritants, such as dust and chemicals, can help prevent environmental lung fibrosis.

People with a family history of pulmonary fibrosis may be at a higher risk for developing the condition. In this case, it’s important to be aware of the symptoms and to see a doctor.


Pulmonary fibrosis is a debilitating and often deadly lung disease. There is no cure for lung fibrosis, and treatments are limited. However, research is ongoing, and there is hope that new treatments will be developed to improve the quality of life.

In the meantime, it is important to be aware of the symptoms of lung fibrosis and to seek medical help if you or a loved one is diagnosed with the disease.

Visit the CK Birla Hospital or book an appointment with Pulmonologist Dr Kuldeep Grover to avail of the proper diagnosis and best treatment for lung fibrosis. We have a dedicated team of experienced pulmonologists who work round-the-clock to provide the best treatment and care using state-of-the-art healthcare facilities.

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