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Rheumatology

Rheumatology involves treating autoimmune & inflammatory diseases of the musculoskeletal system
Why choose us for rheumatology?
Why choose us for rheumatology?
Renowned team of rheumatologists
In-house physiotherapy & rehabilitation centre
Multidisciplinary team-based approach
Computer-assisted navigation surgeries

At the Department of Orthopaedics, we offer comprehensive diagnosis, management and treatment of rheumatoid diseases and disorders. Our clinical rheumatologists are highly trained to offer compassionate care for all forms of rheumatological conditions affecting the musculoskeletal system. Our care team has several years of experience and specialise in all aspects of clinical immunology and rheumatology.

Our rheumatology specialists
Our rheumatology specialists

All about rheumatology
All about rheumatology

Learn everything you need to know about rheumatology, its treatment protocols and other information.

About rheumatology

Rheumatology is the branch of medical science that deals with the investigations, prevention, management and treatment of rheumatological conditions. Rheumatological conditions include autoimmune and inflammatory musculoskeletal diseases and disorders that affect your bones, joints, muscles, tendons and ligaments.

In some cases, rheumatological conditions may also affect your skin, blood vessels, nerves and other internal organs. A large variety of these conditions are the ones that affect a person’s own immune system or are considered immune system abnormalities. These conditions can affect any person irrespective of their age group.

Common types of conditions treated under rheumatology

Here is a list of some common types of conditions treated by doctors specialising in rheumatology. 

Inflammatory joint disease: Inflammatory joint disease is a chronic condition also known as rheumatoid arthritis. It is a disease caused by an overactive immune system. This disease usually affects several joints throughout the body. In this condition, the body’s immune system attacks its own tissues and joints causing pain and swelling. If not treated timely, this disease can cause bone deformity and erosion. 

Autoimmune disease: An autoimmune disease is a condition in which the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks itself. The immune system is responsible for safeguarding your body from bacteria, viruses and harmful external agents. In autoimmune diseases, the immune system begins to target and attack the body’s healthy cells. Common autoimmune diseases include lupus, coeliac disease and multiple sclerosis. 

Degenerative joint disease: Degenerative joint disease or osteoarthritis occurs when the joints in your body wear down due to degenerative changes such as ageing leading the bones to rub against each other and cause painful symptoms. 

Soft tissue disorders: Soft tissue rheumatism is connective tissue disorders causing inflammation of the joints. In this condition, the symptoms such as pain and swelling are not caused by arthritis but repeated low-grade trauma on the muscles, tendons and ligaments. 

Metabolic bone disorders: Metabolic bone disorders are bone deformities caused as a result of insufficient bone strength or abnormalities in bone minerals. Common metabolic bone disorders include osteoporosis, rickets, fluorosis and primary hyperparathyroidism. 

Crystal arthropathies: It is a group of joint disorders developed as a result of the deposition of crystals in and around the joints and soft tissues. This condition can lead to joint destruction and soft tissue masses. Common types include gout and calcium pyrophosphate deposition. 

Musculoskeletal infections: Musculoskeletal infections are infections that can develop in the bones, joints or muscles. These infections can affect anyone at any age and usually spread quickly in children as compared to adults. 

There are more than 100 rheumatic diseases. Some other common conditions include:

  • Fibromyalgia
  • Vasculitis
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus
  • Scleroderma
  • Spondyloarthropathies
  • Polymyositis
  • Psoriatic arthritis
  • Bursitis
  • Tendinitis
Treatment protocols of rheumatology

Your rheumatologist will evaluate your condition. You will be expected to discuss your medical history and symptoms in detail. Your doctor will order a range of tests to further reach a diagnosis for your problems. Common tests include X-rays, bone density tests, CT scans and more. Additional tests may be ordered if your doctor suspects the need for them. 

After a thorough evaluation of your condition, your rheumatologist and care team will offer your different treatment options best suited for your health. Common treatment protocols used to treat above given conditions include:

  • Medication
  • Exercise and physical workout 
  • Dietary control
  • Use of appliances, such as splints or braces
Patient Testimonials
Patient Testimonials

FAQs
FAQs

You should consult a rheumatologist if and when you experience persistent pain, swelling and inflammation in multiple joints.

Common conditions include ankylosing spondylitis, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, Sjogren’s syndrome and osteoporosis.

A rheumatologist focuses mainly on joint disorders and offers a medicinal approach while an orthopaedist treats musculoskeletal injuries, illnesses and deformities through both medicinal and surgical approach.