The Department of Orthopaedics at the CK Birla Hospital is known for its precision-driven and safe joint replacement surgeries. Our international accredited and fellowship-trained surgeons have several years of experience in performing joint replacements. We offer a patient-centric approach providing you with the benefits of a speedy recovery, best possible clinical outcomes, long-term health and lower risk of complications.
Joint replacement surgery is an invasive intervention in which your damaged joints are removed and further replaced with an artificial joint. The artificial joint is known as a prosthesis and is built of metal, high-grade plastics or polymers.
Joint replacement surgeries are performed on the knee, hip, elbow, shoulder, wrist and elbow joints.
Computer-assisted joint replacement is among the latest method for performing this surgery offering higher levels of customisation and accuracy for implant positioning.
There are several different types of joint replacements, including:
- Total knee replacement surgery
- Partial knee replacement surgery
- Total hip replacement surgery
- Partial hip replacement surgery
- Total shoulder replacement surgery
- Total elbow replacement surgery
- Total wrist replacement surgery
- Revision shoulder replacement surgery
Joint replacement surgeries have manifold benefits, such as:
- Increased mobility and range of movement
- Decreased pain
- Long-term impact of the surgery
- Fewer risk of surgery complications
- Improved quality of life
Joint replacement surgery is often considered the last line of treatment. It is offered to people who have severely damaged or worn out joints. A variety of orthopaedic conditions, especially degenerative conditions, can lead to your joint being diseased. Such conditions include osteoporosis, advanced arthritis, inflammatory joint problems, chronic joint pain, joint infections and injury.
Joint replacement surgery is indicated when a person experiences declining mobility, disabling and persistent pain along with other symptoms.
Your orthopaedic surgeon will first evaluate your overall condition to determine the kind of surgery required. Your preoperative evaluation will include a series of tests and investigations such as X-rays, CT scan and laboratory tests.
Your surgeon will discuss with your the type of implant to be used and consider your preference. You are also expected to discuss your doubts or concerns with the surgeon beforehand only.
You will be given anaesthesia to numb the pain during the surgery. In a conventional joint replacement surgery, your surgeon will make several large incisions at the affected site in order to access and remove the damaged joint. He/she will then place the artificial implant and stitch your incisions back.
During minimal access or computer-assisted surgery, your surgeon will utilise the help of a robot to access the site of surgery. This surgery offers higher levels of precision and implant positioning allowing the surgeon to offer more benefits and comfort to the patient.
The recovery period of each patient for joint replacement surgery will depend upon various factors including the type of surgery, the affected joint, the patient’s overall health and age.
After the surgery, your surgeon will give you instructions on dietary guidance, physical activity, wound care and follow-up consultations. You are expected to strictly adhere to your surgeon’s instructions for rapid recovery.
For each joint replacement surgery, the patient would be expected to undergo physiotherapy sessions in order to restore their strength and mobility. Your care team will guide you through the physiotherapy sessions, however, you are advised to avoid any additional physical exertion.
- Blood clotting, especially in the leg vein or lungs
- Increased risk of cardiac arrest
- Nerve damage
- Wearing out of artificial joint
Joint replacement surgery is indicated for end-stage damaged joints when medical alternatives have failed to be effective.
Joint preservation surgery is offered when there is a scope for improving the state of the natural joint.
Joint preservation refers to the surgical and non-surgical methods of preserving the natural joints. A deteriorating joint can be corrected with the help of medical interventions and the need for joint replacements can be avoided. However, only your orthopaedic care team can help determine if your joint can be preserved or requires surgical interventions. Joint preservation approaches include pain relief medications, walking aids, physiotherapy, weight management, plasma therapy, electrical stimulation, physical activity and nutritional modifications.
Watch the treatment journey of our international patient who came from Uzbekistan to treat her Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH)
Knee replacement surgery experience of one of our happy patients
Our international patient shares his experience of shoulder surgery at the CK Birla Hospital
A person who is suffering from degenerative joint changes, chronic pain and disability may be a candidate for joint replacement. However, your surgeon will determine your eligibility based on your fitness, overall health, weight and severity of symptoms.
You should follow your doctor’s instructions, take your medication routinely, start physiotherapy and follow up with your care team after the surgery. Avoid doing any physical activity and put unnecessary strain on the surgery site.
Your surgeon will offer you anaesthesia to numb the pain during surgery. However, you may feel slight discomfort.