. Sinus Cancer - Types, Causes and Symptoms | CK Birla Hospital
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Sinus Cancer

Overview
Overview

Sinus cancer is the growth of malignant (cancerous) cells behind the nose, called cavities and sinuses. It makes up about 3-5 per cent of all head and neck cancers and has long-lasting and devastating effects if ignored or left untreated.

In most cases, sinus cancer goes unnoticed until symptoms develop. When symptoms occur, they often mimic common benign conditions such as cold or flu. 

Types of sinus cancer
Types of sinus cancer

Sinus cancers are divided or classified according to the type of cells involved. Those types include:

Sinus cancers may occur in various parts around the face such as:

Causes of sinus cancer
Causes of sinus cancer

There are several factors such as smoking cigarettes and exposure to carcinogens that may increase the risk of developing sinus cancer. The following factors may increase the risk of sinus cancer:

Signs and symptoms of sinus cancer
Signs and symptoms of sinus cancer

The symptoms of sinus cancer vary depending on where cancer develops and how significantly it spreads. The most common signs and symptoms of sinus cancer may include:

Apart from all these, sinus cancers may also cause symptoms that often accompany less serious conditions such as the common cold, including blocked sinuses and post-nasal drip.

Diagnosis of sinus cancer
Diagnosis of sinus cancer

The doctor may use the following to diagnose sinus cancer:

Biopsy, including incisional biopsy, excisional biopsy, fine-needle aspiration (FNA), endoscopic biopsy or open biopsy.

A physical examination with an endoscopy. Imaging tests such as CT scan, MRI, positron tomography (PET)/CT scan or X-ray.

Treatment of sinus cancer
Treatment of sinus cancer

The treatment of sinus cancer is determined by its type and severity. The doctor may use the following to treat the disease: