. Blood Cancer (Leukemia) - Causes and Symptoms | CK Birla Hospital
Call Now Write to us Whatsapp

Blood Cancer

About blood cancer

About blood cancer

Blood cancer, also called leukemia, is a type of cancer in which the body’s abnormal blood starts growing out of control, which therefore interrupts the functioning of the normal blood cells. These abnormal blood cells hinder the body’s ability to fight off any infection thereby leading to blood cancer.

In simple terms, blood cancer is a cancer of the blood-forming tissues, like the bone marrow. There are several types of blood cancer like acute lymphoblastic leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia, and chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

Causes of blood cancer

Causes of blood cancer

There could be several factors or causes that may increase the risk of blood cancer, following are some of the known causes of blood cancer.

Previous treatment of cancer

People who have had cancer in the past, must have surely gone through radiation and chemotherapy which might have triggered dother types of cancer.

Exposure to chemicals

If your job requires too much exposure to chemicals there are high chances that you might be infected with some other kind of disease. Working in a factory or at a gas station you consume too much of chemicals thereby increasing chances of cancer

Genetic disorders

People who were born or have developed genetic abnormalities are at a high risk of leukemia. Disorders like down syndrome are associated with a risk that a child or an adult with down syndrome may be diagnosed with blood cancer.

History of blood cancer

If anyone in your family has had blood cancer or leukemia, they are surely at a high risk of having blood cancer themselves. 

Smoking

As per government guidelines, on every pack of cigarettes it is mentioned that smoking can lead to cancer. So, people who smoke cigarettes increase their risk of acute myelogenous leukemia.

Symptoms of blood cancer

Symptoms of blood cancer

Leukemia symptoms vary, depending on the type of leukemia. Common leukemia signs and symptoms include:

Diagnosis

Diagnosis

Doctors may perform a series of tests and procedures to detect blood cancer in the system. Below are some of the diagnostic exams that the patient might have to undergo for the right diagnosis:-

Treatment

Treatment

The treatment for blood cancer depends on several factors. The type of cancer will determine the treatment. The age and overall health of the patient will also be the factors to keep in mind before planning the treatment.