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Bladder Cancer

Overview
Overview

The bladder is a hollow organ in the human body that stores urine. On the inside, the bladder is lined by urothelial cells; these cells are also found in the kidneys. Bladder cancer is the condition where these urothelial cells in the bladder become affected by cancerous cells.

Urothelial cancer can also occur in the kidneys and the ureters (tubes that carry urine from the kidney to the bladder). However, it is most commonly observed to occur in the bladder.

One of the most tell-tale signs you observe if affected by bladder cancer is the appearance of blood in your urine.

What is Bladder Cancer?
What is Bladder Cancer?

Bladder cancer is the condition where the urothelial cells (cells that line the inside of the uterus) experience unchecked growth. If left untreated, this cancerous growth can grow into bladder tumours and spread to other parts of the urinary system, like ureters and kidneys.

There are five distinct types of cancerous conditions of the bladder:

Bladder cancer is an overwhelming condition to experience. The good news is that early detection and treatment can help completely remove it from your body. Frequent follow-ups are required to check for recurrence; however, this condition is very treatable.

Bladder Cancer Causes
Bladder Cancer Causes

Our bodies are made up of cells. Each cell has its information stored in the DNA which dictates how the cell behaves.

Some cells, however, develop mutations in their DNA and genetic information, causing them to behave abnormally. These cells become cancerous and result in unchecked growth/development.

While a healthy cell would live and die normally according to its lifecycle, a cancerous cell keeps on living and multiplying. Such aggressive growth is harmful to the surrounding tissue as it becomes invasive, destroying the healthy cells that surround the cancerous area.

In bladder cancer, the urothelial cells that develop mutations become cancerous. The common risk factors that could lead to bladder cancer are:

Smoking

Smoking is the most prevalent risk factor that makes a smoker three times more likely to contract bladder cancer. It is responsible for about half of all bladder cancer cases.

Workplace hazards

If you are an individual engaged in an industry that deals with chemical substances (whether organic or otherwise), you may be at increased risk of bladder cancer.

Certain chemicals such as beta naphthylamine and benzidine are known to increase bladder cancer risk in patients.

Supplements and medications

Certain supplements and medications may be putting you at an increased risk of bladder cancer.

Using pioglitazone-based drugs to help diabetes and consuming supplements that contain aristolochic acid are known to increase the likelihood of contracting bladder cancer.

Not drinking enough water

Water helps flush out the chemicals and toxins in your body through urine. When you urinate frequently, the carcinogenic substances have little time to affect your body negatively. Not drinking enough water may put you at risk of bladder cancer.

In addition to the risks listed above, bladder cancer may also depend on certain causal factors that can’t be controlled, like age, gender and chronic bladder infections.

Bladder Cancer Symptoms
Bladder Cancer Symptoms

Bladder cancer symptoms differ slightly between men and women.

Bladder cancer symptoms

Bladder cancer symptoms women

If you are a woman and notice one or more of the following symptoms, you can contact us for a detailed consultation on bladder cancer:

Bladder cancer symptoms in men

Bladder cancer symptoms in men may look like the following:

If you believe a consultation can help you explain these symptoms you are experiencing, you can get in touch with us at any time.

Bladder Cancer Diagnosis
Bladder Cancer Diagnosis

We employ four different methods to detect the presence of bladder cancer in your body:

Bladder Cancer Treatment
Bladder Cancer Treatment

We use five major types of treatments to remove bladder cancer from your body depending on bladder cancer stages. Frequent follow-ups may be needed to assure that there is no recurrence.

Surgery

Doctors may perform one of the following surgeries for bladder cancer:

Surgery is typically employed for Stage I bladder cancers.

Radiation therapy

In radiation therapy, the cancerous cells are irradiated with X-Rays that destroy them or stop their growth and propagation. Other kinds of radiation may also be used.

Chemotherapy

Treatment of cancer by using drugs either taken orally or injected through the veins directly into the bloodstream is known as chemotherapy.

It may be localized and directed straight towards the affected area or may systemically spread throughout the body.

Immunotherapy

This treatment is also called biologic therapy. It mainly works by reinforcing the body’s immune system to fight against cancerous cells.

Targeted therapy

Targeted therapy is less harmful to the healthy cells surrounding the cancerous ones. It uses certain drugs that deliver focused treatment to the affected cells only.

Prevention of Bladder Cancer
Prevention of Bladder Cancer

Certain changes to your lifestyle can help you reduce your risk and exposure to contracting bladder cancer:

Prevention of bladder cancer

If you need help
If you need help

We understand that experiencing symptoms that hint at medical problems can be daunting. To help you navigate your health troubles, we are available on the contact channels listed below, and you can reach out to us any time.

To get the best consultation and insight on bladder cancer, get specialist’s opinion at the CK Birla Hospital.

Do you have a question?