Things you need to know
-Newborns or infants are at higher risk of contracting pneumonia than any other disease.
-Since our body is the host to several germs some being healthy and others harmful, so it is essential to keep your immune system strong.
-Signs and symptoms of pneumonia should not be taken lightly, as it can cause some serious damage to the lungs.
Pneumonia is a lung infection caused by a number of different factors, including viruses, bacteria, and fungi. Pneumonia affects millions of people every year. The most affected ones are the younger generation, like infants and newborns and elders above 60 years, and people with chronic illnesses.
It is a type of pneumonia that is not severe enough, and no hospitalisation is required. It is a mild cold and does not require you to stay at home and walk around normally.
Note- Walking around should only be done once the doctor has ruled out all possible factors.
Symptoms of pneumonia
The symptoms of pneumonia vary on whether it is mild or severe. Depending on the relevant factors, type of germ, age and health otherwise. Following are some common symptoms of pneumonia:-
- Chest pain
- Difficulty in breathing
- Severe cough
- Excessive sweating and shivering
- Body temperature lower than normal
- Vomiting and nausea
Causes of pneumonia
Several bacteria and viruses in the air can cause pneumonia. Though our body can fight off these bacteria and viruses, if your immune system isn’t strong enough, it can overpower and start affecting the lungs.
Streptococcus pneumoniae, haemophilus influenzae, mycobacterium tuberculosis, gram-negative bacilli and anaerobes are some bacterias that are responsible for community-acquired bacterial pneumonia.
Pneumocystis pneumonia, coccidioidomycosis, histoplasmosis and cryptococcus are some fungal pneumonia that is caused when spores enter your lungs and multiply. It commonly occurs in people with compromised immune systems or chronic health problems. It can easily affect people with no healthy immune systems or severe health problems.
Influenza virus, Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), Rhinovirus, Human parainfluenza viruses (HPV) and Adenovirus are some viruses that can cause viral pneumonia.
Treatment of pneumonia
The process involves treating the infection and making sure to prevent further complications.
- Giving the prescribed medications to treat pneumonia, not before identifying the type of pneumonia and cause behind it
- Pain relievers are given as per the level of pain. It helps to reduce fever and pain aspirin, advil acetaminophen might be advised
- Medicine to relieve coughing and allow you to rest. The dosage is given not to stop coughing entirely because slight coughing will help loosen and move fluid from your lungs
Pneumonia can lead to serious complications or death, especially for people who are at high risk.
Most people recover in over a week, but it all depends on each case.
Recovering from pneumonia can take 1 week to 6 months. In 1 week, the fever starts to go and most of its symptoms like feeling tired and weak in a maximum of 6 months.