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Endometrial Cancer

The uterus is a female reproductive organ responsible for creating a safe and nurturing environment for the embryo to grow. It is about the size of a pear and is located between the bladder and the rectum.

The endometrium is a tissue that lines the uterus and is shed during menstruation. It aids in the embryo’s implantation and provides a place for the developing foetus to grow. Moreover, it protects the uterus from infection.

Endometrial cancer is a kind of cancer that develops in the lining of the uterus, the endometrium. This is one of the most common types of cancer that affect the female reproductive system.

What is endometrial cancer?

What is endometrial cancer?

Endometrial cancer is caused by abnormal cells in the uterine lining. These cells can make the uterine lining grow and thicken. Sometimes these cancerous cells can also grow outside the uterus and form a tumour.

The disease typically grows and spreads slowly. If not detected, it can eventually spread to other parts of the female reproductive system, such as ovaries, fallopian tubes, vagina, or other distant organs.

In some cases, endometrial cancer can also spread to the rectum or bladder.

Research indicates that nearly 90% of uterine cancers originate in the endometrium.

Types of endometrial cancer

Types of endometrial cancer

Endometrial cancer can be classified into two different types – Type I and Type II.

Endometrial cancer symptoms

Endometrial cancer symptoms

Symptoms of endometrial cancer may include:

Endometrial cancer is often caught early due to frequent and abnormal vaginal bleeding. Because of this early discovery, endometrial cancer can be cured through surgical removal of the uterus.

Causes of endometrial cancer

Causes of endometrial cancer

What causes this cancer is not always obvious and can be difficult to discern. Like any cancer, it is caused due to genetic mutation. In endometrial cancer, the DNA mutation occurs in the inner lining of the uterus.

Cancerous cells don’t die, unlike healthy cells. Without timely diagnosis and intervention, they begin to invade healthy cells nearby. What triggers this mutation is not known.

However, there are certain risk factors for endometrial cancer, including:

Endometrial cancer diagnosis

Endometrial cancer diagnosis

The endometrial cancer diagnosis includes a general physical exam and a review of family/medical history.

Doctors may also recommend the following:

Treatment

Treatment

Endometrial cancer treatment depends on the type of cancer, your medical history, overall health, prognosis, tolerance of therapies, procedures, and medications.

Listed below are the treatment options we recommend:

Prevention

Prevention

Although the exact cause is not known, avoiding certain risk factors may help prevent endometrial cancer. For instance, maintaining a healthy weight is necessary to prevent endometrial cancer, especially after menopause.

Using oral contraceptives can also aid in prevention. However, do not use contraceptives without consulting a doctor, as they may cause certain side effects.

Conclusion

Conclusion

Endometrial cancer is a malignant tumour that occurs in the uterus lining. Identifying the early signs of endometrial cancer, such as abnormal vaginal bleeding, is crucial in further diagnosis and treatment.

Most patients have type 1 endometrial cancer, which spreads slowly. Therefore, accurate diagnosis and timely intervention are key to saving lives.

Gynae Cancers are fast rising, posing a major threat for women and triggering multiple complications in their body. For precise endometrial cancer tests and an effective treatment plan, visit the CK Birla Hospital and book an appointment with Dr Mansi Chowhan.

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