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Gastrointestinal Oncology

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Gastrointestinal oncology is a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis, treatment, management and palliative care of cancers affecting the gastrointestinal tract as well as nearby organs like the biliary duct, liver and pancreas. Gastrointestinal cancers present in the form of malignant lumps and ulcers within the stomach and may spread through the GI tract.

Gastrointestinal oncology at the CK Birla Hospital

Gastrointestinal oncology at the CK Birla Hospital

At the CK Birla Hospital, we offer state-of-the-art, advanced surgical treatment and medicinal management of all types and stages of gastrointestinal cancers. Our GI surgeons offer personalised, comprehensive treatment protocols including minimally invasive surgical techniques that suit your unique medical needs and biological markers. Our team of experts include medical oncologists, surgical oncologists, gastroenterologists, pathologists, interventional radiologists, dieticians and the nursing team. We offer end-to-end cancer care starting from your pre-treatment counselling to post-operative care and rehabilitation that focuses on improving the survival rate and quality of life.

Conditions we treat

Conditions we treat

Oesophagal Cancer

The oesophagus is a long, thin muscular tube that runs from your throat to your stomach. It is responsible for carrying food and liquids that you intake. Oesophagal cancer occurs when cancer cells begin to divide and multiply at an abnormal rate. Treatment protocols include surgical removal of tumours, removal of a portion of the oesophagus and removal of the oesophagus.

Stomach cancer

Stomach cancer, also known as gastric cancer, is a term that refers to a group of malignancies affecting the stomach. This condition can occur at any portion of the stomach. The medical management of stomach cancer is based on the stage, location and severity of the condition.

Liver cancer

The liver is a pouch-sized organ responsible for producing bile (a fluid that aids digestion). Liver cancer is a condition in which cancerous cells start to form in this organ. There are two types of liver cancers - primary and secondary. Surgical treatment of liver cancer includes partial and total hepatectomy along with a medicinal approach.

Bile duct cancer

The bile ducts are a series of thin tubes that connect the liver with the small intestine. Bile duct cancer is a rare gastrointestinal cancer that affects these networks of tubes. There are several factors that determine the treatment of bile duct cancer. These include the location and stage of cancer as well as the patient’s age, overall health and severity of symptoms.

Gallbladder cancer

Your gallbladder is responsible for storing bile juice (a fluid that assists with digestion). Gallbladder cancer occurs when healthy cells in the gallbladder begin to divide and multiply at an abnormal rate. Common warning signs include abdominal pain and bloating, unexplained and unintended weight loss and jaundice.

Pancreatic cancer

The pancreas is a small organ in your abdomen responsible for producing certain enzymes that support digestion and regulate blood sugar levels. Cancer can affect this pancreas causing symptoms like jaundice, upper abdominal pain, changes in bowel movement, worsening diabetes and nausea among others. Pancreatic treatment includes surgical removal of tumours, chemotherapy, immunotherapy and targeted therapy.

Colon cancer

Colon cancer is the cancer of the large intestine. This type of cancer usually occurs in older adults, however, it can affect anyone at any age. Changes in bowel movements, blood in stool, abdominal pain and unexplained weight loss are some common colon cancer symptoms. Treatment protocols include surgery for colon cancer, chemotherapy, targeted therapy and immunotherapy.

Rectal cancer

Cancer that develops in the rectum area (the end segment of the colon connecting with the anus) is called rectal cancer. Common signs and symptoms include changes in bowel habits, blood in stool, abdominal pain, unexplained weight loss and fatigue. Rectal cancer can be treated through surgical removal of small cancers inside the rectum and partial or full removal of the rectum.

Peritoneal surface malignancies

The peritoneal cavity is the space within the abdomen that contains the stomach, the intestine and the liver. The cancers that occur within the peritoneal cavity are known as peritoneal surface malignancies or peritoneal carcinomatosis. Pre-existing cancers including stomach cancer, colorectal cancer and pancreatic cancer can lead to the development of this disease.

Neuroendocrine tumours

Neuroendocrine cells are specialised cells that send and receive signals within your nervous system. Neuroendocrine tumours are cancer that develops in these specialised cells. It is a rare type of cancer that can occur anywhere in the body including the lungs, appendix, small intestine, rectum and pancreas.

Anal Cancer

Anal cancer is a rare type of cancer that develops in the tissues of the anus, the opening at the end of the rectum. It's often associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, particularly in the case of squamous cell carcinoma. Symptoms may include rectal bleeding, pain or pressure in the anal area, changes in bowel habits, and lumps near the anus. Diagnosis involves physical examination, imaging tests, and biopsy. Treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination depending on the cancer's stage and individual factors. Early detection and prompt treatment significantly improve outcomes for individuals with anal cancer.

Peritoneal Cancer

The peritoneum, the thin membrane lining the abdominal cavity and enclosing the organs within, is the site of a rare kind of cancer—peritoneal cancer. It can originate in the peritoneum itself or spread from other organs like the ovaries or gastrointestinal tract. Symptoms may include abdominal pain or swelling, changes in bowel habits, nausea, or unexplained weight loss. Diagnosis involves imaging tests, such as CT scans or MRI, and biopsy. Treatment options typically include surgery to remove tumours, followed by chemotherapy or targeted therapy. Peritoneal cancer requires specialised care and may be managed by a multidisciplinary team to optimise treatment outcomes.

Small Intestine Cancer

Small intestine cancer is a rare malignancy that originates in the tissues of the small intestine, which is a part of the digestive system between the stomach and the large intestine. Adenocarcinoma is the most common type, while other types include carcinoid tumours, gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GISTs), and lymphomas. Symptoms may include abdominal pain, unexplained weight loss, nausea, vomiting, or changes in bowel habits. Diagnosis involves imaging tests, such as CT scans or MRI, and biopsy. Treatment typically involves surgery to remove the tumour, followed by chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Early detection and prompt treatment are crucial for improving outcomes in small intestine cancer.

Why choose us?

Why choose us?

  • Comprehensive expertise with all gastroenterology subspecialties
  • World-class laparoscopic equipment – ICG, RFA, MWA
  • Latest technology - HIPEC, PIPAC, 3D Imaging
  • Reduced operating time with advanced energy sealing devices
  • Excellent facilities for advanced interventional radiological procedures
  • State-of-the-art endoscopy suites
  • Multidisciplinary team-based approach
  • Experienced team specialising in GI, bariatric and anorectal surgeries
  • 1-day discharge for most surgeries
  • 24x7 ICU and Critical Care back-up
  • 100% safe and precision-driven procedure
  • Cashless insurance tie-ups
  • Safe hospital with strict protocols in place
  • Comfortable and spacious patient rooms and amenities

Our GI surgeons

Our GI surgeons

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What are the symptoms of gastrointestinal cancer?

The symptoms of gastrointestinal cancers depend upon the type, stage and location of cancer. Common symptoms include unexplained weight loss, poor appetite, discomfort and pain in the belly, nausea and vomiting, heartburn or indigestion.

What is the most common cancer of the GI tract?

Common GI cancers include oesophagal cancer, rectal cancer, colon cancer, stomach cancer, pancreatic cancer, liver cancer and bile duct cancer.

Is gastrointestinal cancer the same as colon cancer?

Colon cancer is a type of gastrointestinal cancer. 

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