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GI Interventional Radiology

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About Interventional Radiology

About Interventional Radiology

Interventional radiology, also sometimes known as surgical radiology, is a subspecialty of the radiological area of medicine. It involves a wide range of procedures that utilize imaging techniques for the purpose of diagnosing and treating various conditions. Imaging techniques include ultrasound, computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Gastrointestinal interventional radiology deals with the diagnosis and treatment of a range of gastrointestinal conditions. These procedures are performed in a minimally invasive manner and offer a better patient experience as compared to conservative surgical options.

Interventional gastroenterology services we offer

Interventional gastroenterology services we offer

At the CK Birla Hospital, we offer precision-driven and safe GI interventional radiology procedures. We strive to continuously enhance your patient experience through these innovative techniques. Our Gastrointestinal Centre of Excellence is designed with modular interventional radiology theatres (IRT). Our state-of-the-art interventional services allow our patients to recover faster, experience less pain and have a fewer risk of complications. We take pride in offering high-quality interventional services, delivered by our recognized team of GI experts and surgeons.

Biliary procedures

Interventional biliary procedures are minimally invasive surgical procedures that are done to remove benign obstructions such as blockages or narrowing and injury of the bile ducts. Common biliary procedures include biliary stenting, Percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTCD) and Biliary stone extraction.


Colonoscopy is a procedure that allows your gastroenterologist to visualize the insides of your colon and rectum. This procedure is done with the help of a thin, lighted tube called the colonoscope that has a tiny camera attached at one of its ends.

Interventional Endoscopy

Endoscopy is a minimally invasive procedure to visualize and examine the digestive tract and nearby organs like the pancreas and liver. It is a precise and safe procedure that allows gastroenterologists to better understand your condition and offer appropriate treatments.


Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) allows gastroenterologists to diagnose and treat conditions in the liver, gallbladder, pancreas and bile ducts. This technique involves a combination of endoscopy and X-rays. We offer precision-driven ERCP procedures for a detailed diagnosis and treatment.


Fluoroscopy is a real-time X-ray procedure that uses barium-based contrast material to produce images of the upper gastrointestinal tract. This procedure can help in the diagnosis of a variety of GI conditions including acid reflux and blood in the stool.


Cholecystectomy is a surgical procedure to remove the gallbladder, typically due to gallstones causing pain or complications like inflammation or infection. It's one of the most common surgeries performed worldwide. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy, the most common approach, involves making small incisions and using a tiny camera and specialised instruments for removal. Open cholecystectomy is less common and requires a larger incision. After surgery, patients may experience temporary digestive issues but typically resume normal activities within a few days. While the gallbladder isn't essential for digestion, dietary adjustments may be necessary to manage bile flow post-surgery.

Endoscopic Metal Stent

Endoscopic metal stents are medical devices used to treat obstructed or narrowed pathways within the body, commonly in the gastrointestinal tract or bile ducts. They consist of a flexible metal mesh tube inserted endoscopically to relieve blockages caused by conditions like cancer, strictures, or gallstones. Unlike plastic stents, metal stents offer longer-lasting support and are less prone to clogging. Endoscopic placement minimizes invasiveness and facilitates rapid recovery compared to traditional surgical interventions. While effective in restoring normal function and relieving symptoms, metal stents may require periodic monitoring and can occasionally cause complications such as migration or tissue irritation.

Gastric Banding Surgery

Gastric banding surgery, also known as laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB), is a type of weight loss surgery that involves placing an inflatable silicone band around the upper part of the stomach to create a smaller stomach pouch. This restricts food intake, leading to reduced appetite and earlier feelings of fullness. The band's tightness can be adjusted over time to optimise weight loss. Gastric banding is less invasive than other weight loss surgeries and is reversible. While it can help with weight loss, proper diet and lifestyle changes are essential for long-term success. Complications may include band slippage, erosion, or inadequate weight loss. Regular follow-ups with a healthcare provider are crucial for monitoring progress and adjusting the band as needed.

Liver Biopsy

A liver biopsy is a medical procedure involving the removal of a small tissue sample from the liver for microscopic examination. It's commonly performed to diagnose liver diseases such as hepatitis, cirrhosis, or liver cancer, and to assess the extent of liver damage. There are different methods, including percutaneous (through the skin), transjugular (through a vein), or laparoscopic (using a camera inserted through a small incision). While generally safe, risks include bleeding, infection, or injury to nearby organs. Results from a liver biopsy help guide treatment decisions and prognosis. It's often recommended after other diagnostic tests to obtain a definitive diagnosis.

Liver Function Tests

Liver function tests (LFTs) are blood tests that evaluate the liver's health and functionality by measuring various enzymes, proteins, and substances in the blood. Common LFTs include alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), bilirubin, and albumin levels. Elevated levels of ALT and AST may indicate liver damage or inflammation, while increased ALP levels may suggest bile duct obstruction. Abnormal bilirubin levels can indicate liver or bile duct problems, and low albumin levels may signal liver disease. LFTs aid in diagnosing liver conditions, monitoring disease progression, and assessing treatment effectiveness. However, they're not definitive and often require additional tests for a complete evaluation.

Lower Endoscopy

Lower endoscopy, also known as colonoscopy, is a medical procedure used to examine the large intestine (colon) and rectum for abnormalities such as polyps, tumours, inflammation, or bleeding. It involves inserting a thin, flexible tube with a camera (colonoscope) through the rectum into the colon. During the procedure, the doctor may remove tissue samples for biopsy or perform therapeutic interventions like polyp removal. Colonoscopy is a vital tool for diagnosing colorectal cancer and other gastrointestinal conditions. It's recommended for routine screening in adults over 50 or earlier for individuals with risk factors or symptoms like rectal bleeding or changes in bowel habits.

Upper Endoscopy

An upper endoscopy, also known as an esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD), is a medical treatment that looks at the stomach, duodenum, and oesophagus. It involves inserting a thin, flexible tube with a camera (endoscope) through the mouth and into the oesophagus, allowing visualisation of the upper digestive system. Upper endoscopy helps diagnose conditions such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), ulcers, gastritis, or tumours. It can also be used for therapeutic interventions like biopsy or removal of polyps. Upper endoscopy is a valuable tool for evaluating symptoms like difficulty swallowing, persistent heartburn, or abdominal pain, guiding treatment decisions effectively.

About Interventional Radiology

About Interventional Radiology

Why choose us?

  • Comprehensive expertise with all gastroenterology subspecialties
  • World-class laparoscopic equipment – ICG, RFA, MWA
  • Latest technology - HIPEC, PIPAC, 3D Imaging
  • Reduced operating time with advanced energy sealing devices
  • Excellent facilities for advanced interventional radiological procedures
  • State-of-the-art endoscopy suites
  • Multidisciplinary team-based approach
  • 24x7 Emergency & Critical Care backup for medical and surgical intensive care
  • Experienced team specializing in GI, bariatric and anorectal surgeries

Our GI surgeons

Our GI surgeons

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What is the difference between a radiologist and an interventional radiologist?

A radiologist performs tests and procedures to help diagnose a condition while an interventional radiologist is qualified to diagnose as well as treat conditions.

Is Interventional Radiology considered surgery?

Interventional radiology is a minimal access procedure that replaces open and laparoscopic surgery.

How is interventional treatment better than surgery?

Interventional radiology procedures offer a better patient experience, lesser risk of infection, faster recovery and less pain & trauma, compared to conservative surgery.

What procedures does an interventional radiologist do?

Common procedures done by an interventional radiologist include ERCP, colonoscopy, embolisation, and stenting.

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