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Pregnancy Loss/Miscarriage

miscarriage, miscarriage symptoms, types of miscarriage, signs of miscarriage, risk of miscarriage, miscarriage risk factors


Miscarriage (also known as spontaneous abortion) is the sudden loss of a pregnancy before 20 weeks of gestation. Miscarriages are more common in the first trimester of pregnancy and in some cases they occur before the pregnancy is detected itself.

Types of Miscarriage

Miscarriages are classified based on when and how it occurs. They are: 

  1. Chemical Pregnancy – This is a form of miscarriage that occurs in the very nascent stage of pregnancy. The most probable cause of chemical pregnancies is a non viable fertilized egg which eventually isn’t detected on the ultrasound. These usually go undetected as women might just start their menstrual cycle the same as before or be a few days late with a slightly heavier flow. 
  2. Anembryonic Pregnancy – Also known as “Blighted Ovum”, this form of miscarriage also occurs very early on in the pregnancy. In this case, the embryo doesn’t develop even though the egg is fertilized and attached to the uterine wall.
  3. Threatened Miscarriage – In this type of miscarriage, you might observe signs that indicate a miscarriage. It can be characterised by small amounts of vaginal bleeding or pain in the lower abdomen. This can last for days or weeks at a time while the cervix is still closed. 
  4. Inevitable Miscarriage – This can occur right after a threatened miscarriage or even without warning. It results in increased vaginal bleeding and stronger stomach cramps. The cervix opens to let out the fetus.
  5. Complete miscarriage – Complete miscarriage takes place when all the pregnancy tissue leaves your uterus. In this case,vaginal bleeding may continue for days at a time, and stomach cramps in the lower abdomen can feel similar to labour pains. Seeking medical attention is advised. 
  6. Incomplete Miscarriage – In this case, some pregnancy tissue might remain in the uterus, while vaginal bleeding and lower abdominal cramping might continue. The medical assessment is required to decide the further course of treatment
  7. Missed Miscarriage – Missed Miscarriage is also called missed abortion and occurs when the fetus fails to develop after it implants.
  8. Recurrent miscarriage – In case of repeated miscarriages, (two or more consecutively) then seeking medical assistance to identify the underlying causes is advised.  

About The Condition

Miscarriage or spontaneous abortion is the name given to the event that results in the loss of a fetus within 20 weeks of the pregnancy. It can happen for a number of reasons most of which can’t be controlled. Educating yourself about this cause helps in better understanding the event and seek the necessary support to help you navigate    

Risk factors of Miscarriage

There are a number of factors which can result in increasing the risk of miscarriage, few of them are:

  1. Age – Studies show that the risk of miscarriage increases exponentially with age (over 35 years)
  2. History of miscarriages
  3. Chronic conditions – chronic conditions such as hypertension and diabetes can significantly raise the chances of miscarriage
  4. Uterine or cervical problems – Uterine abnormalities or weak cervical tissues also increases the risk of miscarriage 
  5. Weight – Research shows that being either underweight or overweight can result in miscarriages. 
  6. Smoking, alcohol and illicit drugs – Use of narcotics, alcohol and nicotine consumption during pregnancy can lead to developmental problems in the fetus if not miscarriage.
miscarriage, miscarriage symptoms, types of miscarriage, signs of miscarriage, risk of miscarriage, miscarriage risk factors


As miscarriages usually don’t have any warning signs or underlying causes, there are no set or defined preventive measures. All you can do is maintain a healthy balanced lifestyle and diet, have regular prenatal checkups and reduce stress. You should also avoid known miscarriage risk factors such as nicotine, alcohol, narcotics, caffeine and so on.


1. Can gymming cause miscarriage?

Unless specified by your doctor, the usual forms of physical activities and exercise will not result in miscarriage. In fact having a healthy mix of physical exertion in your daily routine is advised to have a healthy pregnancy.

2. How common is miscarriage and can I prevent it?

Unfortunately miscarriages are quite common and its underlying cause is not usually known. Hence there is not much you can do to prevent it. You can adopt a healthier lifestyle to reduce your risk.

3. What happens after I’ve miscarried?

If you suspect that you are going through or went through a miscarriage, seek medical attention for confirmation and support. 

4. How can I know why I miscarried?

In case you have had 2 or more miscarriages in a row, your doctor will prescribe a few diagnostic tests to understand any underlying cause.